The conversation deals with ways of writing global history of science and the main methods and concepts in doing so. Beginning with the questions of non-Eurocentric periodisation, it deals with the issues of sources and key concepts for global historiography like circulation, introduced as a non-diffusionist way of looking at the movement of knowledge. Furthermore, issues of go-betweens as actors of bringing different worlds together are discussed. K e y w o r d s: boundary-making, circulation, global history of science, glocality, go-betweens S ł o w a k l u c z o w e: cyrkulacja, globalna historia nauki, glokalność, pośrednicy, wytyczanie granic Jan Surman: Niedawno opublikował Pan tom o globalnej nauce w XIX w., jeden z trzech tomów serii Histoire des sciences et des savoirs 1. Czy mógłby Pan krótko streścić swoje podejście do pisania globalnej historii nauki i wie-dzy XIX w.? Kapil Raj: Pozwoli Pan, że zacznę od opowiedzenia, jak podjąłem się tego zadania. Na początku kariery badałem praktyki naukowe w Indiach XX w. 2 i potem zacząłem poruszać się czasowo wstecz. Moja następna praca dotyczyła 1 Modernité et globalization, red. K. Raj, O. Sibum, Paris 2015 (jest to tom 2 trzytomowej serii Histoire des sciences et des savoirs pod redakcją D. Pestre).
The conversation revolves around the historical epistemology as a special branch of the history of science, which has been largely influenced by Hans-Jörg Rheinberger and his team at the Max Planck Institute for the History of Science in Berlin. Apart from the discussion of the idea of historical epistemology, its position among the historical disciplines and the implications it has for science policy, what is also considered is experiment as a basic unit of science.
The article deals with the appropriation of postcolonial studies to lookat Central Europe and Galicia. Beginning with the concept of “internalcolonialism“, we follow the evolution of postcolonial theory from a basicallyeconomy-based concept into a poststructuralist cultural theory, presentingthe development and uses of its central concepts, such as Orientalism or othering . Based on some examples, we also highlight its previous appropria-tion to Central Europe and the political implications it carries in this region.
Following the th-century language debates on the language of science andhigher education, this paper follows three Polish texts from the middle ofthe century dealing with the Galician school and university system. Thesedispositives of language discourse, defined here as an outcome of the transfor-mations at the nexus of hegemony, linguistic theories and the remainders ofthe Republic of Letters ideology, are analysed concerning the positioning ofthe Polish language as confronted with German and Ruthenian/Ukrainian,as well as the political implications resulting from the perceived misbal-ance. Given the political context of Habsburg neoabsolutism’s hierarchicalunderstanding of languages and its application, the authors deal with bothdeconstructing the underlying ideology concerning German, and sustain itregarding Ruthenian.