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Regular version of the site
Of all publications in the section: 8
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Article
Ananyin O. I. Revue d'etudes comparatives Est-Ouest. 2003. Vol. 34. No. 2. P. 5-30.

The paper provides comparative analysis of leading research programmes in the field of comparative economics, as well as assessment of their actual and potential role in an economist’s tool kit. Analysis covers research programmes, which are either explicitly or implicitly comparative. The first group includes both traditional Comparative Economic Systems approach (especially in versions of T.Koopmans - J.Montias and E.Neuberger - W.Duffy), and recent Comparative Institutional Analysis of A.Greif and M.Aoki. The second group is presented by German Ordo-liberalism initiated by W.Eucken and by more recent French Theorie de la regulation research programme. Comparative economics is analysed from the perspective of Eucken’s Great Antinomy with underlying controversies over the nature of economic knowledge. The challenge comes back to the Methodenstreit of the late XIX century, while adequate response to it is still on the agenda. Most of modern economic theory is highly dependent on ceteris paribus clause. It is argued that to relax this dependence, economics should take comparative research strategy quite seriously. Methodological analysis of the field of comparative economics indicates some neglected, but crucial epistemological grounds of economic inquiry (especially heuristic role of ideal-typical constructs) and points out at comparative economics as an indispensable tool for bridging gaps between theoretical and empirical inquiry, as well as between the science and the art of economics.

Added: Oct 15, 2014
Article
Markine M. Revue d'etudes comparatives Est-Ouest. 2016. Vol. 47. No. 3. P. 101-134.

Dans ce travail, les règles de l’échange marchand sont examinées au prisme de la nouvelle approche institutionnelle en sociologie économique. À la suite des réglementations supplémentaires imposées par l’État en Russie, la transformation des règles formelles a obligé les hommes d’affaires à adapter leurs pratiques, tout en continuant à honorer les contrats conclus. Cette analyse empirique s’appuie sur trois sondages quantitatifs de dirigeants de réseaux de vente au détail et de fournisseurs de produits alimentaires effectués avant et après l’adoption de la loi n° 381 de la Fédération de Russie "Sur les fondements de la réglementation par l’État de l’activité commerciale au sein de la Fédération de Russie" (Loi sur le commerce). La recherche montre que la réduction de l’incertitude dans les relations entre les agents économiques chargés de l’approvisionnement dans le commerce de détail s’opère par une stabilisation du marché au profit de ses principaux acteurs. Dans cette évolution, la redistribution de la valeur ajoutée à leur avantage est loin de jouer un rôle-clé.

Added: Oct 20, 2016
Article
Breton D., Popova D., Prioux F. Revue d'etudes comparatives Est-Ouest. 2009. Vol. 40. No. 3-4. P. 37-62.

The Generations and Gender Surveys (GGS) conducted in both France (2005) and Russia (2004) have been analyzed from the perspective of the children in separated families. As a comparison of the family situations of children of various ages shows, the frequency of single-parent families is higher in Russia where these children are more likely to live in multi-generation households. The probability is increasing in both countries that the children born to couples living together (whether married or not) – and especially the children born during the 1980s in Russia – will, before they come of age, see their parents separate. In both countries, the parents of the children most exposed to the risk of separation share some characteristics: their mother formed a couple at a young age, her partner has at least one other child or is older, or she did not spend her whole childhood with both her parents. In France, unlike in Russia, officially marrying and practicing religion (even seldom) are factors that significantly lower the risk of parents separating.

Added: May 4, 2013
Article
Kirtchik O. I. Revue d'etudes comparatives Est-Ouest. 2017. Vol. 48. No. 1-2. P. 147-178.

Unlike the privatization of industry, which encountered no serious opposition after the disintegration of the Soviet Union, private ownership of the land immediately became an issue of contention between the “reform government” and the lobby of ex-Soviet agribusiness in Russia. For the first time in the post-Soviet parliament’s history, political forces collided during the passage of the farmland laws. The political context of these land reforms is described along with the various arguments voiced in parliamentary debates during the 1990s by political parties, farmer organizations and civil servants. The laws on agricultural property were finally adopted in the early 2000s owing to a depoliticization of issues related to the land and farming.

Added: Oct 15, 2017
Article
Mogilner M. Revue d'etudes comparatives Est-Ouest. 2014. Vol. 45. No. 2. P. 25-67.
The main trends are examined in historical reflection, since 1991 and the dissolution of the Soviet Union, on the imperial and national past of Russia and the USSR. The revival of national historiography is placed in the epistemological and political context of postmodernity, which fuses late 19th-century paradigms with the Soviet concept of “ethnos” and with postcolonial sensitivities. The problematic national history of Russians is seen in relation to this complex methodological and ideological background. The evolution of imperial history is traced from the statecentered rediscovery of “empire” to different interpretations of “empire” as a general framework for the region’s entangled history. The new paradigm of imperial history is then introduced with its focus on the “imperial situation” of complex societies and multilayered, irregular diversity. This understanding of imperial history is precisely what has made studies of the Russian Empire relevant internationally. Students of the Russian and Soviet empires and their successor states have much to contribute to this field of intense scholarly activity.
Added: Oct 22, 2016
Article
Korneev Oleg, Kluczewska K. Revue d'etudes comparatives Est-Ouest. 2018. Vol. 49. No. 4. P. 27-58.

This article traces different origins, development, agency and political stances of various Tajik emigrant communities that emerged after the break-up of the Soviet Union, mainly in Russia, but also beyond the post-Soviet space. It argues that factors such as time and type of arrival, region of origin, socio-economic status in the host society, host and home country policies, all impact on interactions within and across these emigrant populations, as well as on their engagement with the homeland. The article critically examines manifestations of socio-political activism within the Tajik emigrant community complex and points at different forms and degrees of mobilization. It also shows the complexity of answers to emigrants’ activities by the Tajik government, based on a “perceived utility” of different emigrant communities.

Added: Mar 6, 2019
Article
Kazun A. D., Barsukova S. Revue d'etudes comparatives Est-Ouest. 2016. Vol. 47. No. 4. P. 149-177.

The paper focuses on the debates about Russia’s accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO) that unfolded in Russia’s print media from December 2010 to December 2013. The authors highlight the initial arguments of supporters and opponents of this accession, the ways in which those arguments are presented in the media, and the differences in the standpoints of the business, government and expert communities. The authors further analyze changes in the content of this discussion and its discursive space following Russia’s accession to the WTO. Our research on print media shows that positive assessments of Russia’s accession to the WTO prevailed before it entered into force. However, after the accession negative assessments started to dominate. This may be explained by the fact that before the accession it was mainly politicians and officials who expressed support for the act, while after the accession the negative views of the business community became more prevalent. Politicians and officials supported the accession by relying on abstract values of “progress” and “open markets”, while businessmen’s (mainly agribusiness) views took into account the non-competitiveness of their industries. Media campaigns helped some industries to create images of “victims” (resulting from enforcement of the treaty) in order to legitimize the industry lobby and the need for government subsidies to compensate for the damage caused by the WTO.

Added: Feb 1, 2017
Article
Barsukova S., Dufy C. Revue d'etudes comparatives Est-Ouest. 2017. Vol. 48. No. 1-2. P. 57-84.

Cet article démontre que la notion de sécurité alimentaire légitimée depuis les années 1990 par les programmes d’assistance des organisations internationales, telles que la FAO par exemple, la Banque mondiale ou l’OCDE fait l’objet d’une forte renationalisation, variable en fonction à la fois de contextes internationaux et d’enjeux internes. L’exemple étudié est celui de la Russie depuis la fin de l’URSS. L’enquête de terrain a permis de mettre en évidence trois registres discursifs mobilisant la notion de sécurité alimentaire. Le registre originel, qui correspond aux situations de pénurie alimentaire, aux risques de famine et de malnutrition, caractérise la Russie des années 1990. Sa validation par le pouvoir présidentiel permet de maintenir une ouverture maximale aux importations alimentaires, contre les initiatives visant à soutenir la production agricole nationale. Le second, qui marque la décennie 2000 d’adhésion à l’OMC, produit un renversement complet de perspective en promouvant la production agricole et l’intégration négociée aux échanges internationaux. Le troisième registre s’impose à la faveur de la crise financière et de la dégradation des relations commerciales avec les pays occidentaux. Il prône une fermeture articulée à un discours de développement national de la production agricole. Ces registres discursifs ont des effets réels sur les structures productives et aménagent à chaque période des configurations variées de rapports de force et de consensus sociaux.

Added: Oct 2, 2017