Economic sanctions still remain a poorly understood tool of foreign policy despite the fact that a considerable amount of literature has published and many debates have taken place. As we can see there are many cases of sanctions imposition in the late world political relationships. Different types of sanctions and their influence on economy are being rewired The aim of this research is to evaluate how economic sanctions influence the oil and gas sector, in particular on the company Rosneft. It is necessary to analyze financial reporting and calculate various financial indicators, which show the solvency and debt load of examined companies.
The compatibility of legacy of prominent Soviet economist J.A. Kronrod (1912-1984) and the Russian tradition of the economic analysis (from M.I.Туган-Baranovsky up to E.E.Slutsky and N.D.Kondratieff) is investigated. Constructive paths of circular flow schemes, derived by heuristic way from the analysis of two forms of economic relations - direct (non-equivalent) and indirect (equivalent) are analyzed.
The 19th century saw an explosive growth of the gap between the “First” and the “Third” World as regards per capita incomes and levels of life that has become to be known as the “Great Divergence”. In the 20th century the Great Divergence continued up to the early 1970s, and then – in the late of the 1980s one could observe the beginning of the Great Divergence when the growth rates of the majority of the Third World countries started to exceed systematically the growth rates in the majority of the countries of the First World. We demonstrate that the dynamics of the gap between the First and Third World correlate in an unusually tight way with the dynamics of the world population growth. We also demonstrate that this correlation is not coincidental but reflects a very tight correlation between the phases of the global demographic transition and the phases of the Great Divergence / Great Convergence. The process of the Great Divergence that transforms rather smoothly into the process of the Great Convergence and the global demographic transition (that is the process of global modernization) can be regarded as different sides of a single process – a phase transition in the World System development – the global modernization process.
The study considers internal economic factors determining the modern development of China's economy. The analysis is based on the institutional features of the Chinese economy, which are closely related with the effect of "dynastic cycles". This effect determines the development of China throughout its history. The authors suggest that the occurrence of the effect is connected with the demographic situation in China. To study the factors determining the development of China it is necessary to identify the main trends and factors affecting the occurrence of the effect of "dynastic cycle". Also it is necessary to produce an analysis of the current stage of the "dynastic cycle."
Formally very active policy measures in the given direction haven’t led to the essential strengthening of SME positions the economy of Russia and in the solution the problems of its innovative modernization
Using Russian data, it is shown that different assessment techniques of cathing-up development lead to opposite conclusions: according to current PPPs we have seen the cathing-up in per capita GDP during 1990-2012 period, but according to constant PPPs – we have not. It is argued that current PPPs give more reliable picture of comparative welfare (per capita GDP) dynamics rather than constant PPPs. The author shows that substitution effect explains more than the half of the Russia-US per capita GDP gap reduction in 2005-2012 period. Constant PPPs are preferred for comparisons of productivity dynamics. According to constant PPPs in 2012 Russia had bigger productivity gap (to US) than that in 1991 year
In article a process of working over up-to-date Russian edition of Marxian "Capital" (3 volumes) in interaction with international project MEGA (Marx-Engels Gesamtausgabe) is described and analyzed. The content of historic-economic materials and documents including in these volumes as appendices is reflected. An accent is made on translated articles of L. von Bortkiewicz, M. Bouniatian, T. Avdalbegian, F. Quesnay, W. Leontieff, which are for the first time published in these volumes.
The paper is devoted to the analysis of preliminary results of the sociological survey of theRussian economists conducted in December, 2016 which purpose was a studying of struc-ture of economic community and development of tools of ranging of economic journals. Thereceived social and demographic characteristics of respondents, features of their scientificand teaching activities as well as the relation to economic journals for the provided list from26 editions, allow considering lawful use of this information for creation of the correspond-ing rating. In size of this rating three ordered groups of editions were constructed. Besides,the comparative analysis of ranging of magazines on the basis of the constructed rating andRINTs of indicators is provided in the paper. On the basis of panel data, the econometricanalysis of dependence of rating of editions on various factors characterizing representa-tives of economic community was carried out and statistical estimates of their influence onthe size of rating of magazines are received.
The paper deals with birth rate among labor migrants from two countries, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan, in Russia. The study is based on an online survey of women migrants from those countries, held in 2018. It is argued that differences in regulation of stay of labor migrants from the two countries in Russia which emerged after Kyrgyzstan had joined the Eurasian Economic Union in 2015, didn’t have a significant effect upon birth rate so far, contrary to expectations. Possible explanation of this is suggested. The results of analysis also are considered against the background of key hypotheses about migration-to-birth-rate relation, currently present in demography.