The article is an overview of modern studies of brain organization
and genetic correlates of emotional intelligence. Emotional intelligence is
becoming the subject of more and more attentive study of psychologists
due to the fact that it influences the mental development of humans, plays
an important role in many professions, and its impairment is a marker of
some disorders. Nevertheless, the brain organization and genetic correlates
of emotional intelligence have not been studied enough – first studies
appeared only in the early 2000s. A review of the literature on the enceph-
alographic showed that in rest, people with higher emotional intelligence
show greater excitation of the left anterior regions of the brain. When per-
ceiving affective stimuli, participants with high emotional intelligence show
stronger synchronization of some EEG rhythms. Brain mapping technique
made it possible to identify the areas of the brain involved in activities
related to emotional intelligence. In regard to genetic correlates of emotional
intelligence, some genes of neurotransmitter systems have been associated
to this trait: the catechol-O-methyltransferase gene COMT, the dopamine
DRD2 receptor gene, the serotonin receptor gene HTR2A, and the BDNF
brain neurotrophic factor gene.
Industry 4.0 and Society 5.0 concepts are actively developing all over the world. The accelerating transition to Industry 4.0 and Society 5.0 sets new requirements for the university education system in qualifications and competencies of engineering universities graduates. The article reveals the possibilities of using cognitive models in the professional training of research engineers for new industries. Authors used the modeling method for creating a cognitive and metacognitive model of the process. It can be used for the development of forming the optimal structure of higher professional engineering education. The article substantiates that the main tasks of modernization of pedagogical approaches in modern education, is to establish the compliance of educational products with the labor market requirements and transform the structure of vocational education, providing training for professional specialists required by specific employers. Conclusions are drawn about the important role of soft skills for engineering education in Industry 4.0. The results obtained in the study can be used for the engineering category of students.
The solar energy is widely used around the world for electricity generation and heating systems in municipal services. But its use is complicated in the number of territories with uneven receipts of solar radiation on the earth’s surface and large number of cloudy days during a year. A hypothesis on the possibility of application of individual solar collectors for heating of houses in the number of cities of Russia has been tested. The existing designs of solar collectors and checking the possibility of their application in northern territories of Russia are investigated. The analysis was carried out taking into account features of relief and other climatic conditions of the Perm and Sverdlovsk regions. As the result of research, the basic recommended conditions for application of solar batteries in houses of the northern Russian cities have been resumed.
Understanding the development of moral attitudes toward unrelated individuals from different social groups may provide insights into the role of biological and cultural factors in prosocial behavior. Children (3–11 years old, N=80) were presented with moral dilemmas describing a conflict of interests between a con-specific (human) and another species (animals or aliens). Participants were asked to evaluate the behavior of a human in terms of ‘good’ and ‘bad’, and to choose whom they would help: a human aggressor who benefits at the expense of a victim in vital need, or the victim. Results showed that the older children preferred to help non-human victims significantly more often than the younger children. The evaluation of human actions was related to the proportion of such preferences. These findings are discussed from the perspectives of kin selection theory, group selection theory and the system-evolutionary approach. The implications of the study for moral education are suggested