We compute the differential Poisson’s ratio of a suspended two-dimensional crystalline membrane embedded into a space of large dimensionality . We demonstrate that, in the regime of anomalous Hooke’s law, the differential Poisson’s ratio approaches a universal value determined solely by the spatial dimensionality , with a power-law expansion , where . Thus, the value predicted in previous literature holds only in the limit .
We study the entanglement entropy and particle number cumulants for a system of disordered noninteracting fermions in d dimensions. We show, both analytically and numerically, that for a weak disorder the entanglement entropy and the second cumulant (particle number variance) are proportional to each other with a universal coefficient. The corresponding expressions are analogous to those in the clean case but with a logarithmic factor regularized by the mean free path rather than by the system size. We also determine the scaling of higher cumulants by analytical (weak disorder) and numerical means. Finally, we predict that the particle number variance and the entanglement entropy are nonanalytic functions of disorder at the Anderson transition.
The representation of the generating functional for quantum Heisenberg ferromagnets as an integral over two uncostrained c-number valued fields, charged and neutral, obeying the initial conditions (instead of commonly used periodic boundary conditions) is obtained. With the help of this representation the long-time dynamics of the longitudinal spin component at low temperatures is studied. The infrared-singular part of effective action is calculated for the longitudinal fluctuations in 3D-quantum antiferromagnets as well.
Starting from the Abrikosov-Ryzhkin formulation of the 1D random potential problem I find closed functional representations for various physical quantities. These functional integrals are calculated exactly without the use of any perturbative expansions. The expressions for the multipoint densities correlators are obtained. Then I evaluate the mean square dispersion of the size of localized wave functions. As a physical application of the method, I find the expectation value of the persistent current in mesoscopic ring with arbitrary magnetic flux Φ. (For small φ this problem has been solved by O. Dorokhov.) The case when the random potential has finite correlation length is considered too.
The Majorana representation of spin operators allows for efficient field-theoretical description of spin-spin correlation functions. Any N-point spin correlation function is equivalent to a 2N-point correlator of Majorana fermions. For a certain class of N-point spin correlation functions (including "auto" and "pair-wise" correlations) a further simplification is possible, as they can be reduced to N-point Majorana correlators. As a specific example we study the Bose-Kondo model. We develop a path-integral technique and obtain the spin relaxation rate from a saddle point solution of the theory. Furthermore, we show that fluctuations around the saddle point do not affect the correlation functions as long as the latter involve only a single spin projection. For illustration we calculate the 4-point spin correlation function corresponding to the noise of susceptibility.
We extend the Keldysh technique to enable the computation of out-of-time order correlators such as 〈O(t)Õ(0)O(t)Õ(0)〉. We show that the behavior of these correlators is described by equations that display initially an exponential instability which is followed by a linear propagation of the decoherence between two initially identically copies of the quantum many body systems with interactions. At large times the decoherence propagation (quantum butterfly effect) is described by a diffusion equation with non-linear dissipation known in the theory of combustion waves. The solution of this equation is a propagating non-linear wave moving with constant velocity despite the diffusive character of the underlying dynamics.
Our general conclusions are illustrated by the detailed computations for the specific models describing the electrons interacting with bosonic degrees of freedom (phonons, two-level-systems etc.) or with each other.
We develop a novel analytical approach to the problem of single particle localization in infinite dimensional spaces such as Bethe lattice and random regular graph models. The key ingredient of the approach is the notion of the inverted order thermodynamic limit (IOTL) in which the coupling to the environment goes to zero before the system size goes to infinity. Using IOTL and Replica Symmetry Breaking (RSB) formalism we derive analytical expressions for the fractal dimension D1 that distinguishes between the extended ergodic, D1=1, and extended non-ergodic (multifractal), 0<D1<1 states on the Bethe lattice and random regular graphs with the branching number K. We also employ RSB formalism to derive the analytical expression lnStyp−1=−〈lnS〉∼(Wc−W)−1 for the typical imaginary part of self-energy Styp in the non-ergodic phase close to the Anderson transition in the conventional thermodynamic limit. We prove the existence of an extended non-ergodic phase in a broad range of disorder strength and energy and establish the phase diagrams of the models as a function of disorder and energy. The results of the analytical theory are compared with large-scale population dynamics and with the exact diagonalization of Anderson model on random regular graphs. We discuss the consequences of these results for the many body localization.
The concept of non-ergodicity in quantum many body systems can be discussed in the context of the wave functions of the many body system or as a property of the dynamical observables, such as time-dependent spin correlators. In the former approach the non-ergodic delocalized state is defined as the one in which the wave functions occupy a volume that scales as a non-trivial power of the full phase space. In this work we study the simplest spin glass model and find that in the delocalized non-ergodic regime the spin–spin correlators decay with the characteristic time that scales as non-trivial power of the full Hilbert space volume. The long time limit of this correlator also scales as a power of the full Hilbert space volume. We identify this phase with the glass phase whilst the many body localized phase corresponds to a ’hyperglass’ in which dynamics is practically absent. We discuss the implications of these findings to quantum information problems.
We explore the two-loop renormalization of the specific heat for an interacting disordered electron system in the case of broken time reversal symmetry. Within the nonlinear sigma model approach we derive the two-loop result for the anomalous dimension which controls scaling of the specific heat with temperature. As an example, we elaborate the metal–insulator transition near two dimensions for the case of broken time reversal and spin rotational symmetries and in the presence of Coulomb interaction. In this situation scaling of the specific heat is determined by the anomalous dimension of the Finkel’stein operator which is the eigenoperator of the renormalization group complementary to the eigenoperator corresponding to the second moment of the local density of states. We find that the absolute values of the anomalous dimensions of these operators differ beyond one-loop approximation contrary to the noninteracting case.
The virial and the Hellmann–Feynman theorems for massless Dirac electrons in a solid are derived and analyzed using generalized continuity equations and scaling transformations. Boundary conditions imposed on the wave function in a finite sample are shown to break the Hermiticity of the Hamiltonian resulting in additional terms in the theorems in the forms of boundary integrals. The thermodynamic pressure of the electron gas is shown to be composed of the kinetic pressure, which is related to the boundary integral in the virial theorem and arises due to electron reflections from the boundary, and the anomalous pressure, which is specific for electrons in solids. Connections between the kinetic pressure and the properties of the wave function on the boundary are drawn. The general theorems are illustrated by examples of uniform electron gas, and electrons in rectangular and circular graphene samples. The analogous consideration for ordinary massive electrons is presented for comparison.