The human-on-chip technology provides an efficient basis for preclinical studies and has potentially a greater predictive power for human drug response than classical 2D cell culture. Here we report the expression profile of druggable genes in the human colon cancer cells CaCo2 in static culture and within a microfluidic chip. We identified gene expression pattern under flow to be closer to the one of CaCo2 primary xenograft tumours as compared to those cells grown without circulation. The obtained results indicate that a microenvironment connected to a circulation within a chip brings the cells closer to in vivo situation. Hence the human-on-chip technology is a more powerful tool for drug development than conventional 2D cell culture.