Internal net-migration rates in Russia are negatively correlated with regional labour shares in mining. In order to explain this phenomenon theoretically and empirically, Crozet’s (J Econ Geogr 4:439–458, 2004) theoretical model is augmented by the mining of natural resources to allow for exogenous market developments and spatially bounded production. The model is directly transformed into an econometric panel specification and tested for 78 Russian regions for the observation period 2004–2010. The empirical results show that the mining of natural resources attracts internal migrants, while regional price-indexes have unexpected positive effects.
This paper examines how Russian manufacturing firms pursue technology innvation in responce to imports. The research is based on the data from two surveys of manufacturing companies performed in 2005 and 2009. The findings show beneficial effects of imports on innovation. The previous involvement in the imports of equipment and intermediates leads to future innovation, and there is evidence of simultaneous choice in favor of imports and innovation in case of equipment. The learning effects from import seem to be higher for product than for process innovations. Firms’ decision to invest into innovation and to import is sensitive to their technological position, pressure from import competition and their efforts to conduct R&D in addition to importing embodied knowledge.
We examine the effects of an airport expansion on the prices of houses and apartments located under the planned flight paths. We focus on the role of expectations of aircraft noise during the expansion of Berlin-Brandenburg International Airport. The publication of the flight paths can be seen as an exogenous event. It provides local residents and potential home buyers with reliable information in a situation that is characterized by uncertainty. The flight paths greatly influence the expectation of the noise level. We find that property listing prices were reduced substantially in the affected areas after the flight paths were published. The loss of value of the affected properties was found to be 9.6 % on average within a slant distance of 3 km from a planned flight path. If the flight altitude is below 1,000 m, the discount is between 11.8 and 12.8 %, whereas for higher flight altitudes, the average decline in prices is estimated to be 8.3 %.
This paper provides an empirical test of spatial wage convergence in Russian cities. Using geo-coded data covering 997 Russian cities and towns from 1996 to 2013, I show that real city wages (i) converge over time and (ii) are significantly affected by the initial levels of real wages in neighboring cities. I also find that cities of the Far North, where a special wage policy is implemented, were converging more slowly than the rest of the country. I find a significant negative impact of regional subsidies on real wages in cities outside the Far North, and that the effect of extractive industries on real wage has become weaker. These results are robust to the radius of spatial interaction, and my conclusions hold if remote settlements are not taken into account.