Summary: From the point of view of the author, the new, post-war German constitution should secure the break with the past. Human rights have become a symbol this break, the Federal Republic of Germany was one of the first countries to put human rights in the framework of the constitutional project. This article discusses the concept of "dignity", which is one of the basic rights of the individual in the German philosophical and politico-legal tradition. The author also analyzes the content of the German constitution in 1949. The author points to the place of "dignity" in the philosophical discourse and makes it clear why the "dignity" is so important, based on the history of political and legal thought in Germany. The author also draws attention to the uncertainty of philosophical, political and legal content of the concept of "dignity" and demonstrates why it is important. The author argues that at present concept of human dignity is an important, meaningful and subject to unconditional protection, evidenced by the rhetoric of political theorists and lawyers - theorists and judicial practice in Germany. This position assumes that "citizens" - is not as passive objects of care and attention from the state and society, but actively actors, the dignity which the constitution protects from attacks, including the state, providing citizens, in addition to this, various mechanisms to protect their rights. The individual, who is referring to the German political and legal (constitutional) the thought - is, above all, a person who is aware of his place in the state, know their rights and is not intended to be treated otherwise than as a full participant in the political life.
The paper raises the problem of the split infinitive which is supposed to be an uncommongrammatical form. Foreign linguists have proposed two opposite points of view: prescriptive versus democratic. It is highly recommended that the split infinitive should not be used in academic English as grammarians still have not recognized it. Despite it, linguistic research of national corpora of the English language makes it clear that at presentthe split infinitive is being used actively. This grammatical unit is both a semantic element and an emphatic construction. With the view to developing a thoughtful attitude to language acquisition and eliciting students’ response to new linguistic elements, English language teachers should select didactic texts that can serve as an appropriate basis for developing exercises aimed at speaking and syntactic parsing.
The article explores the political aspect of Hannah Arendt’s philosophy as well as the phenomenon of political power which is a necessary prerequisite for active participation in political life. In addition, it analyzes the concept of “judgement” used by H. Arendt for further justification of the concept of political action.
A term “creative feminism” is introduced in the paper. The main landmarks of feminism’s history are mentioned before the analysis of “creative feminism” (for the most part – in Italy). This type of feminism was born after classical forms and waves of feminism (political and social) as the next stage, the new phase of female struggle for recognition of female’s identity. The women want to be recognized not only as social individuals, but also as creative subjects, but this aim is considered the most difficult to achieve. The most part of products of female creative work was considered inferior.
The paper examines Roman integration policy in Germania in the 1st century A.D. It focuses primarily on the time span between Rome's subjugation of Germanic tribes on both sides of the Rhine and the creation of provinces Germania Inferior and Germania Superior (i.e. first century A.D. primarily). Most attention is put on the likeliest scenarios of development of a Roman-style institutions in Germania. A creation of Roman provincial administration, magistracies and military prefecture in the region are therefore explored.
Since written sources of this period are incomplete all these scenarios are debatable. Nevertheless, we may suggest that the ways to transform barbarian periphery politically into a Roman image were numerous. They varied from a complete assimilation of Germanic communities to no more than superficial political subjugation of neighboring client states.
The article presents an analysis of political ideas of a German conservative Hans Freyer. The author examines his concept of “revolution from the right”, its causes and differenсes from “left-wing revolutions” as well as expands on the notions of “revolution”, “people” and “state” used by the German philosopher.
The article aims to show how critical discourse analysis (CDA) can contribute to interpretation of evaluation and appraisal in their ability to invoke values of the so-called discourse of consumerism, instantiated, inter alia, by popular gender-specific ‘lifestyle’ internet resources. The key theoretical concept drawn upon in this paper is the concept of “values” construed as socially shared ‘forms of excellence’ related to specific social practices. Values are generated, legitimized and disseminated primarily through discursive elements of social practices, i.e. discourses. Textual analysis is conducted vis-à-vis the concept of ‘axiological discourse semantics’ which stands for the semantic space related to invocation of values (as social representations) in the overall discourse semantics of a given textual instance. One of the systems through which axiological semantics is realized lexicogrammatically is the system of appraisal. As far as immediate rhetorical effects are concerned, axiological semantics is a means of strengthening solidarity with the putative addressee, simultaneously projecting ‘disalignment’ with some ‘axiologically alien’ third party. At the same time axiological semantics can be a means of legitimizing the need to purchase certain goods on the part of the addressee – a functionality traditionally associated with promotional messages and advertising. However a more productive approach is to interpret appraisal and axiological discourse semantics in terms CDA and socio-linguistics as means of shaping recipient’s more stable social representations, including values. The texts of the analyzed genre should be thus viewed as tools of building and shaping a contemporary mentality, that of a consumer society.