We show that for any positive integer k, the k‑th nonzero eigenvalue of the Laplace–Beltrami operator on the two-dimensional sphere endowed with a Riemannian metric of unit area, is maximized in the limit by a sequence of metrics converging to a union of k touching identical round spheres. This proves a conjecture posed by the second author in 2002 and yields a sharp isoperimetric inequality for all nonzero eigenvalues of the Laplacian on a sphere. Earlier, the result was known only for k=1 (J. Hersch, 1970), k=2 (N. Nadirashvili, 2002; R. Petrides, 2014) and k=3(N. Nadirashvili and Y. Sire, 2017). In particular, we argue that for any k⩾2, the supremum of the k‑th nonzero eigenvalue on a sphere of unit area is not attained in the class of Riemannian metrics which are smooth outside a finite set of conical singularities. The proof uses certain properties of harmonic maps between spheres, the key new ingredient being a bound on the harmonic degree of a harmonic map into a sphere obtained by N. Ejiri.
We define a hierarchy of Hamiltonian PDEs associated to an arbitrary tau-function in the semi-simple orbit of the Givental group action on genus expansions of Frobenius manifolds. We prove that the equations, the Hamiltonians, and the bracket are weighted-homogeneous polynomials in the derivatives of the dependent variables with respect to the space variable. In the particular case of a conformal (homogeneous) Frobenius structure, our hierarchy coincides with the Dubrovin-Zhang hierarchy that is canonically associated to the underlying Frobenius structure. Therefore, our approach allows to prove the polynomiality of the equations, Hamiltonians and one of the Poisson brackets of these hierarchies, as conjectured by Dubrovin and Zhang.
In this paper we prove the smoothness of the moduli space of Landau–Ginzburg models. We formulate and prove a Bogomolov–Tian–Todorov theorem for the deformations of Landau–Ginzburg models, develop the necessary Hodge theory for varieties with potentials, and prove a double degeneration statement needed for the unobstructedness result. We discuss the various definitions of Hodge numbers for non-commutative Hodge structures of Landau–Ginzburg type and the role they play in mirror symmetry. We also interpret the resulting families of de Rham complexes attracted to a potential in terms of mirror symmetry for one parameter families of symplectic Fano manifolds and argue that modulo a natural triviality property the moduli spaces of Landau–Ginzburg models posses canonical special coordinates.
We study moduli spaces of O'Grady's ten-dimensional irreducible symplectic manifolds. These moduli spaces are covers of modular varieties of dimension 21, namely quotients of hermitian symmetric domains by a suitable arithmetic group. The interesting and new aspect of this case is that the group in question is strictly bigger than the stable orthogonal group. This makes it different from both the K3 and the K3^[n] case, which are of dimension 19 and 20 respectively.