The article deals with religious feelings of the Soviet people in 1960s 1980s. The special attention is paid to the analysis of questionnaires, some methods of sociological work of the given period, which are directed towards both studying and “eradication” of people’s religiousness. Some aspects of “the party order” for atheism are traced as well. The article presents the little-known archival materials, examples of some typologies of religious feelings of the Soviet people, and also ways of “fight” with religious “vestiges” with the help of “scientific atheism” methods.
The subject of this paper is a specific form of cosmogony — the conception of cosmogonic objectivation, interpreted as a tragedy or cosmogonic fall. This conception is examined on the basis of the evidence furnished by two sets of materials: firstly, the original texts and paraphrases of the Valentinian Gnostics of the 2ⁿᵈ and 3ʳᵈ centuries AD (Irenaeus Adversus haereses, 1.1.1–1.1.10; Excerpta ex Theodoto, compiled by Clement of Alexandria; and The Gospel of Truth from the Nag Hammadi Library), and secondly, the writings of the Russian philosophers Vladimir Solovyov, Lev Karsavin and Nikolay Berdyaev. The research reveals a series of specific features common to both of these: in particular, the conception of cosmogonic objectivation appears to be connected with the doctrine of the absolute person’s fall, and with the motive of self-alienation.