Метод параллельного расчета коррелированной системы n-частиц на графическом процессоре
The model of distributed calculators makes it possible a parallel calculation of the correlated N-particle system with a complex multi-particle interaction (long-range ionic and short-range repulsive, two- and three-particle covalent interactions) with MPI and CUDA technologies. The computational model is based on the mathematical model of heterogeneous descriptors developed by the authors, that allows shift the focus from the describing the physical interactions in the system to the description of data flow between the descriptors. The results of computer experiments, which compare the time of the simulation on the cluster of 16 calculators and GPU NVIDIA are given. The model of distributed calculators was being tested with the software package of RIS «MD-SLAG-MELT»
One of the most important problems, by development of the automated systems of scientific researches is providing efficient performance of computers. The algorithm for tasks division among the processors of molecular-dynamic sub-systems modeling of the research-informational system Slag Melt system is described. The authors recommend the method of optimizing the algorithm as well as an estimation and calculation of the system efficiency and improving its operation.
The small number of dust particles in the system and their large kinetic energy make it impossible to use the notion of “temperature” to describe the dynamics of dust particles in gas discharge without substantiation. We simulated the isolated and open systems of dust particles based on the molecular dynamics method and suggested the substantiation of applying the term “temperature” to describe the dynamics of the system of dust particles in the gas discharge plasma. The closeness of the equilibrium velocity distribution for a small number of particles and the Maxwell distribution for isolated and open systems is shown. It is found that the average kinetic energy precisely coincides with the velocity distribution parame ter of the dust particles. The necessity of separation the temperature of the horizontal motion and the temperature of the vertical motion of dust particles is shown.
A model for organizing cargo transportation between two node stations connected by a railway line which contains a certain number of intermediate stations is considered. The movement of cargo is in one direction. Such a situation may occur, for example, if one of the node stations is located in a region which produce raw material for manufacturing industry located in another region, and there is another node station. The organization of freight traﬃc is performed by means of a number of technologies. These technologies determine the rules for taking on cargo at the initial node station, the rules of interaction between neighboring stations, as well as the rule of distribution of cargo to the ﬁnal node stations. The process of cargo transportation is followed by the set rule of control. For such a model, one must determine possible modes of cargo transportation and describe their properties. This model is described by a ﬁnite-dimensional system of diﬀerential equations with nonlocal linear restrictions. The class of the solution satisfying nonlocal linear restrictions is extremely narrow. It results in the need for the “correct” extension of solutions of a system of diﬀerential equations to a class of quasi-solutions having the distinctive feature of gaps in a countable number of points. It was possible numerically using the Runge–Kutta method of the fourth order to build these quasi-solutions and determine their rate of growth. Let us note that in the technical plan the main complexity consisted in obtaining quasi-solutions satisfying the nonlocal linear restrictions. Furthermore, we investigated the dependence of quasi-solutions and, in particular, sizes of gaps (jumps) of solutions on a number of parameters of the model characterizing a rule of control, technologies for transportation of cargo and intensity of giving of cargo on a node station.
Event logs collected by modern information and technical systems usually contain enough data for automated process models discovery. A variety of algorithms was developed for process models discovery, conformance checking, log to model alignment, comparison of process models, etc., nevertheless a quick analysis of ad-hoc selected parts of a journal still have not get a full-fledged implementation. This paper describes an ROLAP-based method of multidimensional event logs storage for process mining. The result of the analysis of the journal is visualized as directed graph representing the union of all possible event sequences, ranked by their occurrence probability. Our implementation allows the analyst to discover process models for sublogs defined by ad-hoc selection of criteria and value of occurrence probability
The geographic information system (GIS) is based on the first and only Russian Imperial Census of 1897 and the First All-Union Census of the Soviet Union of 1926. The GIS features vector data (shapefiles) of allprovinces of the two states. For the 1897 census, there is information about linguistic, religious, and social estate groups. The part based on the 1926 census features nationality. Both shapefiles include information on gender, rural and urban population. The GIS allows for producing any necessary maps for individual studies of the period which require the administrative boundaries and demographic information.
Existing approaches suggest that IT strategy should be a reflection of business strategy. However, actually organisations do not often follow business strategy even if it is formally declared. In these conditions, IT strategy can be viewed not as a plan, but as an organisational shared view on the role of information systems. This approach generally reflects only a top-down perspective of IT strategy. So, it can be supplemented by a strategic behaviour pattern (i.e., more or less standard response to a changes that is formed as result of previous experience) to implement bottom-up approach. Two components that can help to establish effective reaction regarding new initiatives in IT are proposed here: model of IT-related decision making, and efficiency measurement metric to estimate maturity of business processes and appropriate IT. Usage of proposed tools is demonstrated in practical cases.