Перспективы контрейлерных перевозок на российском рынке транспортных услуг
The article is dedicated to the prospects of intermodal contrailer transportation in Russia. The comparative analysis of the accompanied and non-accompanied contrailer services is given. Different types of contrailer service operators are examined. The "Concept of contrailer transportation development in the 1520 area" is critically analysed. The possible efficiency of introducing contrailer transportation in Russia is evaluated.
The technique, which allows to makes modeling of parameters of use of vehicles and infrastructure of multimodal logistic projects of delivery of freights with participation of railway transport, a transshipment complex and navy presented in article. Is given the example of use of this technique in the developing the logistic part of the investment project of new steel works in the city of Beloretsk.
Nowadays, international trade is one of main types of the international cooperation to which development is now paid the special attention. In turn, sea transport considerably promoted development of international trade as the main volume of all international intercontinental transport are the share of sea vessels. It is represented quite logical that legal regulation of such ancient, and actively developing institute is characterized by complexity, existence of a huge number of collisions of national and international legal norms. The first legal acts in the sphere of the international carriage of goods are incapable to consider all questions and subtleties arising during active development of sea trade. The author considers the main problem of legal regulation of the international carriage of goods: lack of uniformity in sources of the international private marine law. Objective of this research is studying of formation and development of the main international agreements devoted to regulation of carriage of goods, having paid thus special attention to such main questions, as scope of conventions, responsibility of a carrier, the main transport documents, jurisdiction questions. In the article with the use of comparative method the author provides detailed analysis of the norms of international conventions covering the international carriage of goods by sea. Analysis of the content of norms has shown that to date, the legal regulation of international carriage of goods by sea is based on four documents: the Hague Rules of 1924, the Hague-Visby Rules of 1968, the Hamburg Rules of 1978 and the Rotterdam Rules 2008. Before the adoption of the Rotterdam Rules applicable basic legal act was The Hague-Visby Rules, which are a modified version of the Hague Rules. Based upon the above-mentioned comparative legal study the author makes a conclusion that despite the incomplete and outdated Hague-Visby Rules, many carriers, especially the large multimodal lines already developed a mechanism of relations with its clientele by creating their own bills of lading formalities. So strange to expect that the newly issued Rotterdam Rules will be able to quickly gain a position in the legal field of sea transport, mainly because it is difficult for the major carriers to change a well-established legal regime.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
портовый менеджмент, показатели деятельности, анализ эффективности, система учета, распределение издержек, методы анализа деятельности портовой системы
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management