Evolution and Statistical Analysis of Internal Random Wave Fields within the Benjamin–Ono Equation
This study investigates the numerical evolution of an initially internal random wave field characterized by a Gaussian spectrum shape using the Benjamin–Ono (BO) equation. The research focuses on analyzing various properties associated with the random wave field, including the transition to a steady state of the spectra, statistical moments, and the distribution functions of wave amplitudes. Numerical simulations are conducted across different Ursell parameters, revealing intriguing findings. Notably, it is observed that the spectra of the wave field converge to a stationary state in a statistical sense, while exhibiting statistical characteristics that deviate from a Gaussian
distribution. Moreover, as the Ursell parameter increases, the positive skewness of the wave field
intensifies, and the kurtosis increases. The investigation also involves the computation of the
probability of rogue wave formation, revealing deviations from the Rayleigh distribution. Notably,
the study uncovers distinct types of internal rogue waves, specifically referred to as the “two sisters”
and “three sisters” phenomena.