The article aims at studying the mechanism of the construction of “Myth of Poltava” and making it part of Russian historical memory. The author argues that sometimes even a vigorous propaganda campaign cannot make an important event, one that is crucial for the nation’s history, part of collective memory.
The article is devoted to the analyses of two historiosophycal perspectives of Russia’s spiritual development, which embodied in the ideology of Russian Orthodoxy: the image of “new Jerusalem” and the concept of “third Rome”. The sociocultural basis of these ideologemes is examined, their evolution is traced, the comparison between them is made. The difference of views of “the sacred land” in Russian Orthodoxy, European Catholicism and American Protestantism is shown.
The idea of “The Third Rome” has appeared in Russian thought at the beginning of ХVI century. Monk Filofey has concretized this theory. The theme of Rome has come in the culture of St. Petersburg with the help of Peter the Great. Since nineteenth century the theme of Rome has become the main theme between noble youth. It was maintained practically by every Russian thinker. There were two main tendencies of the development of the Third Rome’s idea: the theme of Russia as “The real third Rome”, successor of Christian values of Roman and Byzantine Empires, and also the theme “Decline of Rome” and “Collapse of Empire”.