Noncommutative counting invariants and curve complexes
In our previous paper, viewing D-b(K(l)) as a noncommutative curve, where K(l) is the Kronecker quiver with l-arrows, we introduced categorical invariants via counting of noncommutative curves. Roughly, these invariants are sets of subcategories in a given category and their quotients. The noncommutative curve-counting invariants are obtained by restricting the subcategories to be equivalent to D-b(K(l)). The general definition, however, defines a larger class of invariants and many of them behave properly with respect to fully faithful functors. Here, after recalling the definition, we focus on the examples and extend our studies beyond counting. We enrich our invariants with the following structures: the inclusion of subcategories makes them partially ordered sets and considering semi-orthogonal pairs of subcategories as edges amounts to directed graphs. It turns out that the problem for counting D-b(A(k)) in D-b(A(n)) has a geometric combinatorial parallel - counting of maps between polygons. Estimating the numbers counting noncommutative curves in D-b(P-2) modulo the group of autoequivalences, we prove finiteness and that the exact determining of these numbers leads to a solution of Markov problem. Via homological mirror symmetry, this gives a new approach to this problem. Regarding the structure of a partially ordered set mentioned above, we initiate intersection theory of noncommutative curves focusing on the case of noncommutative genus zero. The above-mentioned structure of a directed graph (and related simplicial complex) is a categorical analogue of the classical curve complex, introduced by Harvey and Harrer. The paper contains pictures of the graphs in many examples and also presents an approach to Markov conjecture via counting of subgraphs in a graph associated with D-b(P-2). Some of the results proved here were announced in a previous work.