Противоречия в естественном праве: от Зенона к Гроцию
This paper deals with analysis of the principal ideas of the book “Controversies in Natural Law from Zeno to Grotius. Two competing ideas in the history of Natural Law: law as human reason versus law as God’s command” where Dr. Anna Taitslin considers the history of natural law ideas in the Western Europe. Development of iusnaturalist conceptions can be explained through competition of two basic principles – voluntarism and intellectualism. This opposition has been formulated as early as in the Stoic philosophy and by the Early Church Fathers. In the High Middle Ages and in the Renaissance these two principles have been thoroughly elaborated by the Scholiasts. Although, in Dr. Taitslin’s opinion, one cannot find any examples of successful and consistent synthesis of voluntarism and intellectualism in the history of ideas. At the same time, this aspect of the history of political ideas is important for the contemporary philosophical discussions about human rights, as these rights are conceptually rooted into the idea of natural law which can be described through opposition of voluntarism and intellectualism.
The author researches the key problems of the formation of the Russian-speaking Diaspora in a separate poly-ethnic region. The major trends of the adaptation of the Russian-speaking Diaspora in Finland have been studied as well.
In this paper the differences and the similarities of formation of legal traditions in the Medieval Europe are examined. The author analyzes the impact of these differences on the consequent development of legal mentality and legal identity in Russia and in the Western Europe.
This compendium comprises transcript of the workshop on ‘Human Rights on the Internet: legal frames and technological implications’ organized by the Higher School of Economics on the 7th Internet Governance Forum (Baku, Azerbaijan, 6–9 November, 2012) and relevant articles on legal and technological issues of Internet Governance in sphere of human rights, prepared by the group of legal and technical scholars of information studies of the Higher School of Economics. This compendium is devoted to the forthcoming 8th Meeting of the Internet Governance Forum on Bali, Indonesia, 22–25 October 2013.
The article is devoted to a particular form of freedom of assembly — the right to counter-demonstrate. The author underlines the value of this right as an element of democratic society, but also acknowledges the risk of violent actions among participants of opposing demonstrations. Due to this risk, the government may adopt adequate measures restricting the right to counter-demonstrate, certain types of which are analyzed in this paper.
Development of standards of international controllability is reviewed in the article. Institutional approach is applied to development of international legal regime of Energy Charter. Definition of controllability is connected to development of international standards of dispute settlement, which are described in the article in detail. In connection with controllability, Russian interest, defense of investment in European Union and ecological investment encouragement, is reviewed in the article.
мировое управление и управляемость, Мировая экономика, международное экономическое право, энергетическая хартия, International control and controllability, International economics, international economic law, Energy Charter
международное частное право; недвижимость; ; школа бартолистов; бартолисты; теория статутов; статуарная теория/