Модернизация XXI в.: синтез рынка и раздатка
This book explores the history of the Arzamas, famed as a literary circle, whose interests extended far past literature. In my book I argue that Arzamas members sought liberalization of the Russian state. At its most visionary, the Arzamas project called for the creation of a Pan-European federal system, based on a constitutional form of government in each state. This new political system, as I reconstruct it in my book, was supposed to touch practically every sphere of statecraft, foreign relations, politics, language, and culture. My study, in short, is an attempt to recover the major cultural consequences of this political program. This work is considered to be the first monograph where Arzamas literary program was reconstructed in all its aspects – political, social, aesthetic, and religious.
The authors investigate behavioural assumptions underlying the normal performance of market economy. It is assumed that a model of man adequate for market economy can be deduced from the ideal-typical properties of the latter. The main components of such model are rationality and morality. Main ethical categories relevant for market economy are analyzed: trust, justice, equality, virtues, freedom as well as their treatment in modern economics. Behavioural properties specifi c for modern Russian economy are discussed.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.