Источники инвестиций и объекты инвестирования (финансирования) IT-компании
In article sources of investments and objects of investment (financing) of the IT company concerning phases (search and preparation of investment ideas are defined and considered; working out, testing and marketing researches; integration, introduction and support) functioning of a control system by investment activity of the IT company.
The article gives the main ways of practical realization of risks, which appear during the process of cooperation between non-state pension funds and commercial banks on the basis of deposit agreements. Methods and mechanisms of prevention and elimination of risks’ realization are aggregated. The article summarizes the important experience that can be useful during the process of developing a non-state pension fund’s investment strategy.
The article is devoted to the analysis of economic processes, which occured in system of general (common) formation (education) in 2000-2010 years. The special attention is given to questions of financing of school, and also to institutional changes: to introduction of a Uniform graduation examination, division of state and municipal educational establishments into three types: state, budget and independent.
Materials for the International Workshop on “Networked embedded and control system technologies: European and Russian R&D cooperation”
In this paper we consider choice problems under the assumption that the preferences of the decision maker are expressed in the form of a parametric partial weak order without assuming the existence of any value function. We investigate both the sensitivity (stability) of each non-dominated solution with respect to the changes of parameters of this order, and the sensitivity of the set of non-dominated solutions as a whole to similar changes. We show that this type of sensitivity analysis can be performed by employing techniques of linear programming.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.