Испанская конституция 1812 г. и декабристы
The paper is devoted to the significance of the Spanish Constitution of 1812 for the formation of the political and legal ideas of the Decembrists and their constitutional projects.
Thebook considers ideological, political, religious, cultural, and everyday life aspects of "the Decembrists and France" theme. The French liberalism is show to have played a role in the shaping of Decembrists ideology. The book also contains comparative historical analysis of the Enlightenment and liberal ideas in France and in Russia. These subjects are considered against the general background of the cultural and political life in France and Russia in the late 18 and early 19 centuries; the book is based on a large number of sources, many of which have not been addressed by scholars before.
For specialists in history, philology, cultural studies, and for the general readership with and interest in the problems of cultural interaction.
The article is devoted to the influence of the Spanish Constitution of 1812 to the constitutionalism of the Russian Empire in the first quarter of the XIX. The author demonstrates the attention of different circles of Russian society to the national liberation movement of the Spanish people against France in 1808-1814 and to the Revolution of 1820-1823 in Spain as well as the Spanish events coverage in the Russian press. Effect of inspiring of the Fundamental law of 1812, enacted in Spain also in 1820 is noticed to be an example for the Russians to pursue for their Motherland. Particular attention is given to the constitutional ideas of members of secret societies, the future of the Decembrists, the motion of which is studied in the context of the "military revolution" in Europe. The researcher analyzes the influence of the Spanish constitution of 1812 on P.Pestel, author of "Russkaya Pravda" (project of the Southern secret society) and N. Muraviev who prepared the constitutional project, which we can study in three editions.
The article restores Nikolay I perception of reasons and consequences of the Decembrist uprising.
The article deals with three constitutional projects of Francisco de Miranda, distinguished Venezuelan. It is devoted to analyzes of the characteristics of the project of 1798, based on the experience of British constitutional law and public law of Ancient Rome. Special attention is focused on provisions of the projects of 1801 and 1808: on temporary public power during the war of colonies for independence from Spain and on federal government after the liberation. F.Miranda used for these projects a constitutional experience of many countries. One of the sources of his intellectual reflection was the constitution of Ancient Rome, the most important elements of which were people`s assembleis and magistracy. These institutes were adopted by F.Miranda and creatively impleamented according to specific conditions of Ibero-America.
The article deals with the influence of Spanish Constitution in 1812 to constitutional ideas and projects of the Decembrists. It is represented in the historical context of the interest to foreign constitutional experience of Russian society in the first quarter of the XIX century. The author analyzes the impact of the Constitution of 1812 to the ‘Russkaya Pravda” (Russian Truth) written by P.Pestel, one of the leaders of the Southern secret society, which is detected in borrowing some ideas for the design of the constitutional and legal institutions. Particular attention is given to the constitutional draft of N.Muraviov, a member of the Northern secret society. All three editions of his projects were influenced by the Constitution of 1812. It is noticed in following: first, in the literal reproduction of the two articles of the Spanish law in the first and second editions, and secondly, the Spanish experience was borrowed in all three editions of the project to formalize various constitutional institutions (the status of the emperor, the right to vote and others).
Two volumes of the book with common title "The Constitution of Cadiz of 1812" are also united by a common idea: to present to readers one of the remarkable episodes of European history at the beginning of the 19th century. It took place in Spain and received a response in Russia.The first volume includes facsimile reproductions of three manuscripts: the Spanish Constitution of 1812, adopted in Cadiz and its translations into French and Russian, done for Emperor Alexander I. Their originals, stored in the Department of Manuscripts of the Russian National Library, were found their by the compiler of this book (T.Alexeeva) and for the first time the Russian reading audience has an opportunity to reed them..
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.