Corporate social responsibility in Russian Banking industry
Though there is a perception among managers that corporate social responsibility (CSR) is an important part of today business activity and it positively influences the organizational performance, several research conducted in 1970-2010s did not find any correlation or even found a negative one. In order to analyze the relationship between CSR and organizational performance of business organizations in Russia, the research among Russian banks was conducted. The sample of the research consists of fifty largest banks. The data on organizational performance, including total assets, return on assets and equity, earnings per share, and growth indexes was collected in annual reports of the 2011 year of banks. Information about corporate social responsibility was gathered in social reports, codes of ethics, and on websites of banks. The research demonstrates that the majority of banks in Russia are involved in CSR projects, but it did not find statistically significant correlation between corporate social responsibility and organizational performance of banks.
Article represents the results of the research of practical approaches to corporate social responsibility programs (CSR) management in Russian sustainable development oriented companies. Some features of CSR as a management tool were described according to modern Russian business conditions. Author suggests the model of mechanisms of corporate social responsibility programs management for sustainable development oriented companies.
The article contains the analysis of the development trends in foreign corporate reporting, and on the authors' opinion, Corporate Social Responsibility reflected in the corporate reporting now goes mainstream worldwide. Such integrated reporting, including financial and non-financial component, is now in the focus of interest and therefore requires standardization and significant enhancements in the area of relevance and reliability. This calls for creation of integrated reporting framework, making mandatory reporting on these issues not only desirable but inevitable. This article contains the most recent definitions of corporate social responsibility, reporting on sustainable development and responsible investor, who factors the reporting data in the investment decision making. Authors perform an analysis of recent activities of the international and intergovernmental organizations involved in the process of creating regulatory regime of sustainability and integrated reporting, as well as recently published in 2010 research studies and reports by intergovernmental organizations as well as independent consultants.
The purpose of this paper is to assess the size of public sector within the Russian banking industry. We identify and classify at least 78 state-influenced banks. We distinguish between banks that are majority-owned by federal executive authorities or Central Bank of Russia, by sub-federal (regional and municipal) authorities, by state-owned enterprises and banks, and by "state corporations". We estimate their combined market share to have reached 56% of total assets by July 1, 2009. Banks indirectly owned by public capital are the fastest-growing group. Concentration is increasing within the public sector of the industry, with the top five state-controlled banking groups in possession of over 49% of assets. We observe a crowding out and erosion of domestic private capital, whose market share is shrinking from year to year. Several of the largest state-owned banks now constitute a de facto intermediate tier at the core of the banking system. We argue that the direction of ownership change in Russian banking is different from that in CEE countries.
The role of foreign direct investment initiatives is pivotal to effective enterprise development. This is particularly vital to emerging economies that are building their presence in international business markets.
"Outward Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in Emerging Market Economies" is a comprehensive source of academic material on the progressive impact of investment opportunities in the context of developing nations. Highlighting pivotal research perspectives on topics such as trade, sourcing strategies, and corporate social responsibility, this book is ideally designed for academics, practitioners, graduate students, and professionals interested in the economic performance of emerging markets.
Russian multinational enterprises (MNE) expanded widely in the late 1990s through the summer of 2008 at the onset of the global financial crisis of 2008. The emerging market MNEs have now become a subject of intensive study with a particular focus on the actions and behaviors of firms from Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa (BRICS). This paper attempts to flesh out the reputational and corporate social responsibility (CSR) aspects of this internationalization process. The paper finds that in select cases the reputation of a Russia MNE does play a role in their activities and that these emergent firms recognize host country stakeholders as an audience for concern when conducting OFDI.
This study guide on Business English is for the students of non-linguistic departments who study Business English. Structurally this study guide consists of several sections including a text on a given topic, a series of pre- and after-reading tasks, and also a range of vocabulary and grammar exercises. This book helps students work on the topic more profoundly either in class or all by themselves. Besides, It can be also useful to those studying Business English
The purpose of this paper is to carefully assess the size of public sector within the Russian banking industry. We identify and classify at least 78 state-influenced banks. For the state-owned banks, we distinguish between those that are majority-owned by federal executive authorities or Central Bank of Russia, by sub-federal (regional and municipal) authorities, by state-owned enterprises and banks, and by "state corporations". We estimate their combined market share to have reached 56% of total assets by July 1, 2009. Banks indirectly owned by public capital are the fastest-growing group. Concentration is increasing within the public sector of the industry, with the top five state-controlled banking groups in possession of over 49% of assets. We observe a crowding out and erosion of domestic private capital, whose market share is shrinking from year to year. Several of the largest state-owned banks now constitute a de facto intermediate tier at the core of the banking system. We argue that the direction of ownership change in Russian banking is different from that in CEE countries.
The game-theoretic model developed in this article formulates the conditions required for the incorporation the corporate social responsibility (CSR) policy into the business as a mechanism of signaling. The model is based on the following principles: the Cournot model, the segmentation of consumers by their health deterioration risk attitude, the choice about CSR strategy by producers of low and high quality of food products. Results of the model show that the nonoccurrence of CSR in Russia is subject to the small share of health-conscious consumers and the lack of support and regulation of the state.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.