Правовое регулирование использования средств от реализации драгоценных металлов и драгоценных камней в качестве источника финансирования дефицитов бюджетов бюджетной системы Российской Федерации
This article devoted to the connection between the legal regulation of precious metals and precious stones in the Russian Federation and budget law. According legislation funds obtained from the sale of precious metals and precious stones can be used as one of internal sources for budget deficit financing.
The present edition represents the scientifically-practical comment to the Federal act «About precious metals and jewels» (further - the Law). From the moment of the introduction of the Law into force has passed more than ten years. For this period changes have been made, accepted or the subordinate legislation specifying and supplementing sphere of action of the present Law has changed. The comment is constituted taking into account last changes and additions, and also the normative acts published after an adoption of law.
Considering traditional closeness and specificity of branch, authors have considered necessary for more complete understanding of the mentioned questions to supply separate articles of the comment with the allocated blocks in which short historical digression or the information inquiry contains.
The book is relevant for undergraduate and postgraduate students, professors, research and practising lawyers and those who are interested in the theory and practice of the legislation in sphere of precious metals and jewels.
Demyanova E.A. SPAIN IN THE EU: RESULTS. This article is devoted to studying of the results of Spain's accession to the European Union. The research is based on investigation of gradual integration of Spain in the carrying out of the main EU policies, such as: fiscal, monetary, foreign trade and foreign exchange, and estimation of how this affected the Spanish economy. As a result of realized analysis the following conclusion can be made - the participation in EU policy has helped Spain to deal with many problems that existed for a long time and leaded to stabilizing economic growth rates.
The article considers the signs of corpus delicti under Art. 192 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation, as well as qualification issues of violation of the rules for delivery for refining and the mandatory offer to the state of precious metals and precious stones
We proposed the nonlinear dynamic model of the formation of the market prices of precious metals based on the econophysic considerations. This model is a system of three ordinary differential equations relating the time dependence of elasticity, variations of bid and ask prices; it is similar to the Lorenz system. The areas of the dynamic stochasticity in experimental data were found with the comparing of the experimental and the theoretical ask and bid prices. These areas are the precursors of the crisis mode in the form of dynamic chaos.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.
The article is devoted to a particular form of freedom of assembly — the right to counter-demonstrate. The author underlines the value of this right as an element of democratic society, but also acknowledges the risk of violent actions among participants of opposing demonstrations. Due to this risk, the government may adopt adequate measures restricting the right to counter-demonstrate, certain types of which are analyzed in this paper.
Development of standards of international controllability is reviewed in the article. Institutional approach is applied to development of international legal regime of Energy Charter. Definition of controllability is connected to development of international standards of dispute settlement, which are described in the article in detail. In connection with controllability, Russian interest, defense of investment in European Union and ecological investment encouragement, is reviewed in the article.
мировое управление и управляемость, Мировая экономика, международное экономическое право, энергетическая хартия, International control and controllability, International economics, international economic law, Energy Charter
международное частное право; недвижимость; ; школа бартолистов; бартолисты; теория статутов; статуарная теория/