И.И. Рубин и проект создания советской политэкономии
The article discusses the interpretation of the Marxian legacy proposed by I.I. Rubin. This interpretation provided an answer to the challenges faced by Marxism at the turn of the twentieth century. From the 1970s it becomes widely known abroad. Despite the tragic fate of the scholar, his works had made a significant impact on economic studies in the Soviet Union. However, their perception was greatly complicated due to the effect of social and political factors related to the functioning of the Soviet political economy.
The article deals with the economic consequences of the Industrial Revolution. Detailed analysis of gold standard and its evolution is provided. Aggravation of social contradictions in the first half of the XIX century led to the creation of utopian projects of reconstruction of the world. The paper analyzes the political economy of labor, its formation, development and historical destiny.
The article analyzes the monograph of A.B. Rakhmanov Social Philosophy of Max Weber, in which criticism of Weber's sociology is used as an excuse for the revivification of Marxist social utopia. Since the author's argument depends entirely on its ideological beliefs, it has zero value in scientific terms, but may serve as a useful starting point for diagnosing the current state of Russian sociology, especially in the context of its social utility.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.