Глобальный кризис и механизмы государственно-частного партнерства
The 2008 economic and financial crisis marked the beginning of a period of social transformation and uncertainty that continues to characterise present and future social development in unplanned and unexpected ways, with frequently harmful effects. It has highlighted the need for a deeper understanding of crises phenomena and how these affect the overall course of human development. On the one hand, the social sciences constitute a means for acquiring a better understanding of the character of the rapid and complex social transformations associated with crises. On the other hand, they can orientate people and social practices on how a greater degree of collective and democratic control can be acquired over the manner and direction of social processes in crises contexts. This book brings together a team of international scholars to address the notion of crises. Two main strains of inquiry orientate this study. First, it questions how different sociological and theoretical approaches might contribute to explain crises phenomena, analyse their effects, and identify their potential future paths of development. Secondly, it considers how crises processes and their effects on human social existence demand a re-thinking of the role of the social sciences in society, and what such a role might be. This volume not only opens up future lines of research by providing a comprehensive approach to crises phenomena, but also fills an important gap in the literature about crises which is frequently focused on only one of these dimensions and on particular historical contexts, rather than producing more comprehensive frameworks regarding the study of crises processes as a whole.
Monograph contains of a comprehensive research in the field of managing development system of national and international transport corridors (ITC) and devoted to the urgent, but relatively poorly understood and insufficiently covered in the scientific and academic publications the problems of strategic planning, logistics infrastructure and the formation of integrated transport and logistic systems, the organization of multi - and intermodal transportation of cargo in containers to ensure the implementation of export-import and transit potential of Russia in the global system of ITC.
The monograph consists of four interrelated sections. The first section analyzes the history of development and current state of European and Asian ITC passing through the territory of Russia. It is shown that the role of Russia in the development of transit flows of goods in the global system of ITC is prior. The second section is devoted to multi-modal and intermodal freight technologies of the system - and goods movement on the ITC. It addresses the organizational and technological features and the classification of multimodal transport of goods, development trends of intermodal freight containers, justified by the benefits of inter - and multi-modal transportation technologies and their economic efficiency. The main part of the monograph is the third section, in which great attention is paid to strategies for creating major transportation hubs and ports core network of terminal facilities and logistics centers and the formation of integrated transport and logistics systems in the areas of attraction for national and international transport corridors. The final fourth section is devoted to the geopolitical and practical issues of formation in Russia of international transport corridors and issues of national security Russia. The book is designed for a wide range of employees, managers and entrepreneurs of transportation, freight forwarding, industrial and commercial companies, academics and experts in the field of transport economics, foreign trade activities, logistics, distribution and logistics of transport, it can be used by federal and regional governments, researchers, teachers, postgraduates and students of higher educational institutions and economic profile.
In the present work there are questions of government cluster’s policy based on the strategic management system. There are determined the instruments of cluster’s policy realization, the role of development institutions in using of different forms of public-private partnership and problems of cluster’s structures creation.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.