День освящения храма в традиции Восточной Церкви (IV–XIII вв.): стратегии выбора
The Apostle Andrew, which the New Testament mentions very sparingly, appears in the Acta Andreæ (2 half. II c.) as a preacher of encratism, but in the Byzantine era these acts have been revised by removing the “heresy” and served as a statement of the cult of the apostle in Patras in the Peloponnese. In addition, the mention of Byzantion has been interpreted afterwards as the foundation of Constantinopolitan siege and updated by metropolitan legends. Andrew is also a hero of the apocryphal acts which show him together with the other apostles. Among these quite fantastic narratives, one must mention the Acts of Andrew and Matthias (beginning of the IV c.). The action takes place along the southern Black Sea coast. Particular data from all these sources were compiled from the VI c. in the so-called lists of the Apostles, and they in turn inﬂ uenced Epiphanius the Monk, who wrote in 815-843 The Life of Andrew – a very singular text in the tradition of Apostles’ stories. This life, where the Apostle acts in the boundaries of the Byzantine Empire of IX c., gave rise to a number of revisions in the IX-XI cc. (Nicetas Paphlagonian, Simeon Metaphrastes, etc.), but also inﬂ uenced the formation of the legends about Andrew’s preaching in Georgia and Russia. From the preacher of encratism he was at ﬁ rst, Andrew became the Apostle of Byzantium and its world.
The paper is dedicated to Hebrew phrases referring to God found in some Russian codices of the Pentateuch of the XV-XVII centuries. The author examines the origin of this phenomenon.
The Life of St. Herodion Iloezersky (LH) is an unstudied monument of regional hagiography, which reflects the characteristics of this type of hagiographical texts. Life events of the Reverend seem quite trivial, if not to know their legal, economic and home background. The LH provides diverse material for the study of Russian hagiography in general and of the 17th century in particular, and of the local history of the White Lake region. Hagiographical text, which seems to have little information in terms of big history, is extremely important to local history and the history of daily life. The documentary legal materials complete the LH. In the spring of 1653, Archimandrite of the Cyril-Belozersky Monastery Mitrofan held an investigation, as a result of which a document was drawn up, recording the evidence of local residents about the events that were somehow connected with the Rev. Herodion. Accurate and legally significant record of evidence was the main task of the church investigation. The discovery of documentary materials for the preparation of the canonization of Saint Herodion, a variety of versions of hagiographical text, numerous documentary evidence about life of Ozatskaya rural municipality, where the saint was active, allows us to put the question of originality of the hagiographic text and of the definition of the rules, by which series of events reflected in the text of a legal document were converted to hagiographical text. Comparative analysis of the document and of the hagiographic text allows seeing some patterns of transformation of the legal document into hagiographical text. It shows that the story of an event being translated from the language of everyday life into the language of Kingdom of Heaven looses details, names of minor characters, dates, circumstances of the incident. Important is the fact that in the text of the life the central character of each story stands as far as possible, solo as a person interacting with a higher power, either directly or by means of only one saint, but never with the participation of other people who also fall into the category of circumstances without direct relation to the event. In the initial period of its existence hagiographical text was or could be addressed to the people who themselves were participants or eyewitnesses of the events described. In the stories about miracles in the LH between man and God there is the only mediator Rev. Herodion. Everything else, however important it may seem to modern readers and listeners, did not matter in the distant past (in their ordinary daily life). That is, the apparent causal relationship between events in one row, from the perspective of the compiler of the hagiographic monument and certainly in terms of audience LH was imaginary. Thus, the hagiographic text is subordinated primarily to one purpose: it must demonstrate the true (spiritual) nature of the event, and that makes all particular details totally unnecessary, including causal relationships that can only obscure the timeless meaning.
The article is concerned with the notions of technology in essays of Ernst and Friedrich Georg Jünger. The special problem of the connection between technology and freedom is discussed in the broader context of the criticism of culture and technocracy discussion in the German intellectual history of the first half of the 20th century.