Конкурентоспособность национального бизнеса и российская национальная инновационная система
It is shown that among the priorities of Russia's strategy to increase the international competitiveness of stranyvazhnoe place should have a problem of increasing the competitiveness of national businesses. Today, it is not possible without a well-functioning national innovation system. Requires the rapid transition from an industrial ekonomik knowledge economy. Analyzes the
achievements of foreign countries in promoting the processes of technology development, dokazyvaetsya neobhodimost combination of international experience with the results of independent decisions. We prove the success of the Russian vazhnostdlya innovative companies a favorable external environment and the development of demand for their products
The author analyzes the decision of the President of the country on necessity of removal of state officials from committees of directors of the largest state companies, its pluses and minuses, and appreciates an investment climate in the country which unsatisfactory condition seriously anxious the country leaders.
The development of Russian economy has led to the growing interest in stock market as an im-portant source of financing for companies. The paper examines the tools of stock market for company financing, particularly, the Initial Public Offering for financing companies' innovation activity. Fur-thermore, the paper investigates the advantages and disadvantages of equity issue, considers the crite-ria of its economic efficiency, and gives practical examples of equity issues conducted by innovative companies.
The article considers the processes of progress in production and service sectors and answers the question how and thanks to what service sector of Russian economy left the productive one behind (concerning contribution in GDP of our country). The rates of development of service sector turned out to be so high firstly - as a reason of peculiarities of new Russian economy, which historically was built on the market principles and was developing in conditions of investment resources deficit, secondly - as a reason of system differences between «physical» goods and services as an object of sale. Nowadays Russia faces an unusual symbiosis: effective service companies, operating in hard competitive sphere with average profitability and non-affective from the point of management industrial companies, which thanks to monopolistic pricing have great profitability, providing profits of Russian budget and determining a macroeconomic situation.
Тhе article is devoted to the analysis of science, education and business as key institutional agents of civil identity in contemporary society. The civil identity is specified as a subject-object interaction between an individual and a state. Also preconditions for diversification of state power in the field of civic identity forming are determined.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.