Конкурентоспособность национального бизнеса и российская национальная инновационная система
It is shown that among the priorities of Russia's strategy to increase the international competitiveness of stranyvazhnoe place should have a problem of increasing the competitiveness of national businesses. Today, it is not possible without a well-functioning national innovation system. Requires the rapid transition from an industrial ekonomik knowledge economy. Analyzes the
achievements of foreign countries in promoting the processes of technology development, dokazyvaetsya neobhodimost combination of international experience with the results of independent decisions. We prove the success of the Russian vazhnostdlya innovative companies a favorable external environment and the development of demand for their products
The author analyzes the decision of the President of the country on necessity of removal of state officials from committees of directors of the largest state companies, its pluses and minuses, and appreciates an investment climate in the country which unsatisfactory condition seriously anxious the country leaders.
The development of Russian economy has led to the growing interest in stock market as an im-portant source of financing for companies. The paper examines the tools of stock market for company financing, particularly, the Initial Public Offering for financing companies' innovation activity. Fur-thermore, the paper investigates the advantages and disadvantages of equity issue, considers the crite-ria of its economic efficiency, and gives practical examples of equity issues conducted by innovative companies.
The article considers the processes of progress in production and service sectors and answers the question how and thanks to what service sector of Russian economy left the productive one behind (concerning contribution in GDP of our country). The rates of development of service sector turned out to be so high firstly - as a reason of peculiarities of new Russian economy, which historically was built on the market principles and was developing in conditions of investment resources deficit, secondly - as a reason of system differences between «physical» goods and services as an object of sale. Nowadays Russia faces an unusual symbiosis: effective service companies, operating in hard competitive sphere with average profitability and non-affective from the point of management industrial companies, which thanks to monopolistic pricing have great profitability, providing profits of Russian budget and determining a macroeconomic situation.
Тhе article is devoted to the analysis of science, education and business as key institutional agents of civil identity in contemporary society. The civil identity is specified as a subject-object interaction between an individual and a state. Also preconditions for diversification of state power in the field of civic identity forming are determined.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.