Предисловие к статье С. Делавинья «Психология и экономика: результаты эмпирических исследований»
It is important to study the determinants of conspicuous consumption. Self-concept clarity is such internal determinant in our study. Conspicuous consumption is the spending of money on and the acquiring of luxury goods and services to display publicly economic power. The results evidence that people who have a tendency to conspicuous consumption and positive attitudes to such consumption have a high level of self-concept clarity.
The author views foreign and domestic approaches, interdisciplinary among them, to the definition of human capital.
The monograph examines socio-psychological characteristics of schoolchildren and students of "normal" and "prestigious" schools, who to a greater or lesser extent, practice conspicuous consumption: the sovereignty of psychological space, self-attitude, resilience, communication and organizational skills and emotional intelligence. The theoretical significance of the results of the work is determined by deepening of methodical bases and approaches to the analysis of socio-psychological aspects of conspicuous consumption of young people. The practical significance of results is determined by the ability to use the findings and recommendations in developing the content of the psychological trainings, concepts of marketing communications and promotion programs "prestigious" goods and services. The book is intended for psychologists and practitioners working in educational institutions in the psychological counseling of persons with deviations in the field of consumer behavior, as well as psychologists of marketing and advertising departments of organizations focused on the youth audience in the development of marketing programs for companies implementing "prestigious" goods and services.
The distractive effects on attentional task performance in different paradigms are analyzed in this paper. I demonstrate how distractors may negatively affect (interference effect), positively (redundancy effect) or neutrally (null effect). Distractor effects described in literature are classified in accordance with their hypothetical source. The general rule of the theory is also introduced. It contains the formal prediction of the particular distractor effect, based on entropy and redundancy measures from the mathematical theory of communication (Shannon, 1948). Single- vs dual-process frameworks are considered for hypothetical mechanisms which underpin the distractor effects. Distractor profiles (DPs) are also introduced for the formalization and simple visualization of experimental data concerning the distractor effects. Typical shapes of DPs and their interpretations are discussed with examples from three frequently cited experiments. Finally, the paper introduces hierarchical hypothesis that states the level-fashion modulating interrelations between distractor effects of different classes.
This article describes the expierence of studying factors influencing the social well-being of educational migrants as mesured by means of a psychological well-being scale (A. Perrudet-Badoux, G.A. Mendelsohn, J.Chiche, 1988) previously adapted for Russian by M.V. Sokolova. A statistical analysis of the scale's reliability is performed. Trends in dynamics of subjective well-being are indentified on the basis the correlations analysis between the condbtbions of adaptation and its success rate, and potential mechanisms for developing subjective well-being among student migrants living in student hostels are described. Particular attention is paid to commuting as a factor of adaptation.