Бюджетная классификация: комментарий главы 4 Бюджетного кодекса Российской Федерации
The article is a scientific and practical commentary of Chapter 4 of the Budget Code (Russia), which describes the concept of budget classification, its structure. Author characterizes the classification of budget revenues and expenditures, sources of financing the budget deficit, as well as state governance operations segment.
There is a growing consensus that the major European economies will continue to stage a recovery in 2014, which will help smaller countries bounce back. The Bulgarian government has approved a budget for 2014 that envisages GDP growth of 1.8%. This number is above the 0.5% y-o-y reported for 9m13 and 0.8% seen in 3Q13, but is still relatively unimpressive for a country with relatively low GDP per capita (around $7,000 in 2012). Moreover, achieving this level of growth is not a foregone conclusion, as it will depend on the economic situation in Germany and Bulgaria's other major trade partners, particularly as the government expects growth to be driven by exports and improvements in the tourism sector
The work deals with problems of budgeting in the context of the economic crisis. Classification of the budget is considered and their characteristics are given. For each budget, it has proposed a system of indicators. Recommendations were made for the algorithm for calculating these indicators. Particular attention is given to the cost optimization.
Тhe article considers accounts Valuation and Budget rules - documents, regulating the budget process, or the process of compiling, approving, implementing and controlling of implementation of the state scheduling of income and expenses in Russia of the end of 19th - beginning of 20th century. The named documents are to be a foundation of present budget law in Russia, that supposes their detailed research.
The article is devoted to a particular form of freedom of assembly — the right to counter-demonstrate. The author underlines the value of this right as an element of democratic society, but also acknowledges the risk of violent actions among participants of opposing demonstrations. Due to this risk, the government may adopt adequate measures restricting the right to counter-demonstrate, certain types of which are analyzed in this paper.
Development of standards of international controllability is reviewed in the article. Institutional approach is applied to development of international legal regime of Energy Charter. Definition of controllability is connected to development of international standards of dispute settlement, which are described in the article in detail. In connection with controllability, Russian interest, defense of investment in European Union and ecological investment encouragement, is reviewed in the article.
мировое управление и управляемость, Мировая экономика, международное экономическое право, энергетическая хартия, International control and controllability, International economics, international economic law, Energy Charter
международное частное право; недвижимость; ; школа бартолистов; бартолисты; теория статутов; статуарная теория/