Институт депутатской неприкосновенности в практике местного самоуправления: генезис и проблемы правового регулирования
The article analyzes the constitutional and legal framework guarantees of parliamentary immunity of representative body of local selfgovernment. The author explores the nature and content of institution of parliamentary immunity, focusing on identifying current trends in the growing expansion of rights guarantees of deputies for bringing them to criminal or administrative responsibility, for institution of deputies of various criminal and administrative proceedings. It is noted that the guarantees of rights of deputies must be weighed against the requirements of constitutional principle of equality before the law and the courts.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.
The article deals with the history of the origins and development of Zemsky Sobors — Russian representative institutions, their main features and differences from corresponding bodies in Western Europe. It marks out those traits of Russian history that determined the character and development dynamics of Zemsky Sobors, shows a connection between their heyday and specific condition of Russian society and state during the Time of Troubles, and describes some sources for this subject. The focus of the article is on Russian research of the history of representative institutions in Russia and Western Europe. It also investigates a close attention to European historical experience, inherent in the Russian social thought. In this context reasons for the origin and existence of the term of «estate representative monarchy», characteristic for the Russian historiography, are analysed. And the main periods of the study of representative institutions from the mid-19th century to the present day are determined and characterised. The article considers the outcome of a Moscow conference of 2013 devoted to the representative Institutions of Russia in the European context and outlines perspectives of further research.