Финансирование приграничного сотрудничества в борьбе с катастрофами
The current state and prospects of the cross border cooperation of the state administration bodies for mutual assistance during natural and manmade disasters is analyzed. The relevant issues of funding mutual assistance between neighboring EU states are considered.
The article has provided several methodological ap- proaches (MAs) for profiling international-border-divided cities. The critique aims, in the course of the discussion, to systemize the process of describing these cities' key characteristics. The review would do so by defining the term “a profile of border-divided cities” and by clas- sifying indicators it includes. With respect to the MAs, the approaches would interpret their important aspects (strengths, weaknesses, and areas of use). Subsequently, the report details five MAs: criticizing-supporting types; comparing-contrasting variants; sectoral-panoramic sorts; contextual-discrete versions (related to environ- ment); chronological-futurological kinds (focused on the past or on the future) and their mixed types. As an example of the latter, the document points to the border municipalities of Narva (Estonia) and Ivangorod (the Russian Federation).
The article is devoted to the city pair of Blagoveshchensk (Russia) and Heihe (People’s Republic of China), the only city pair in Russian-Chinese borderland that describes itself with the term “twin-cities”. The current contribution reconstructs the history of appearance of the twin-cities concept in Russian-Chinese agenda. On the basis of interviews and questionnaires collected in the cities in question the paper examines specificity of understanding of “twin-cities” concept and its practical execution in the Asian context. Exploring the extent to which the twin-cities relations model is applicable to Russian-Chinese border cities, the author concludes that cooperation predominantly exists in a form of bilateral annual events in various spheres (culture, education, sport, etc.) and dialog between delegations of region’s/city’s representatives, not in a form of direct people-to-people or institution-to-institution cooperation. The lack of local initiatives to cooperate (almost zero-amount of initiatives not from region’s/city’s administrations) is named as a main drawback of Blagoveshchensk and Heihe relations. While planned character of cooperation makes the calendar of joint events stable and predictable, it also keeps Russian-Chinese cooperation staying on the ritual level and prevents it to become a necessary part of everyday life.
Proceedings of papers presented at the Joint Workshop on Borderlands Modelling and Understanding for Global Sustainability carried out under the auspices of three international associations of researchers: 1) ISPRS - International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing; 2) IGU - International Geographical Union; 3) ICA - International Cartographic Association.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.