Тенденции и динамика демографических процессов в Приморском крае
The features of the demographic processes in the Primorsky Region in the last two decades are analyzed: the dynamics of fertility and mortality, changes in the sex-age structure of the population, the magnitude and direction of migration flows. Revealing factors influencing on the decline in population.
One of the key developments in 20th and 21st century history has been the demographic revolution, or demographic transition, which radically changed the course of fundamental demographic processes involving the birth rate, mortality and migration. These changes have had, and continue to have, a significant effect on all aspects of life in modern and developing societies, including their economies, social relations, culture and political life. In addition, they greatly influence the crucial sphere of international relations, and create unprecedented challenges for international security.
Demographic change affects the international situation both directly and indirectly, through the social processes experienced by all societies which embrace this change.
The second volume of the series "Demography. Sociology. Economics" is the result of work of the Centre of Social Demography and Economic Sociology of the Institute for Socio-Political Research with scientists from the Far East. The book consists of three sections. The first section deals with the general features of demographic processes and demographic policy in the Far East. The second section of the tendencies of migration processes and approaches to migration management. The third section presents articles on the problems of labor market and employment in the regions of the Far East. The book is recommended for students, postgraduate students, teachers, scientists and experts in the field of demography, migration and of the labor market, as well as all those interested in the Russian Far East.
The article, based on current accounting data migration, analyzed the age characteristics of internal migration in Russia. The degree of influence of migration on the age structure of the population of 4 groups regions. On the example of the Central Federal District of the distributions increase (decrease) of population and intra-regional capitals periphery by age groups. More detailed analysis of migration age profile in Moscow and Moscow region.
This work is devoted to the study of the regularities and specific peculiarities of modern migratory processes in Primorsky Region. The article analyzes the scale and directions of migration flows, age and sex, national, and educational composition of migrants. Moreover, the article highlights the main factors influencing the attractiveness of the Primorsky Region for migrants, and summarizes some results of resettlement of compatriots on the territory of the region. In addition, it is shown that the population growth of the region at present is only possible due to the migratory interactions of the Primorsky Region with the CIS countries.
In this paper one analyzed the intensity and age characteristics of migration in recent years, using the data at the level of municipalities and municipal districts of Moscow and Moscow region. Particular concern is paid to the migration from Moscow to the Moscow region. Calculations show that Moscow region, located in the zone closest to the Ring of cities and regions, feel the most intense influx of migrants. At the same time there were not discovered distinct age characteristics of migration in the areas that were near and far from the Moscow region.
In the present work examines contemporary patterns of migration in Primorsky Region: the magnitude and directions of migration flows, age and sex, national, and educational composition of migrants. It shows the role of migration for sustainable development of the region. It summarizes some of the results of implementation in the region of the program of resettlement of compatriots.
This chapter discusses the features of the development of the Russian population and the results of population projections to 2025
The paper analyses the age structure of internal migration across Russian regions. We use data on the age of interregional migrants in the regions of Russia in 2011-2015 given for one-year age groups and data on the population size of the Russian regions by one-year age groups. The regions were grouped into clusters (by the ratio of arrivals/departures per age group to the total number of migrants) using the method of k-means clustering with SPSS. The results of the analysis indicate that, as in other countries, the peak of migration is observed at young ages, which is explained by mass enrollment of school graduates in institutions of higher education. As people become older, their migration activity declines. In some cases, regions experience another migration peak in young old age groups: after retirement, people may move to a place more appropriate for 50-60-year-olds or return to their previous place of residence. The analysis also revealed significant variations in age patterns of interregional migration, both for inflows (arrivals) and outflows (departures). These differences mainly concern the level of the migration peak at young ages and the presence of additional migration peaks at other ages.