Координационно-совещательные органы и их роль в политике государственной поддержки малого и среднего предпринимательства
The article considers some problems, relating to the becoming of modern system of state-public support of small and medium-sized business in Russia. The basic attention is paid to the creation of advisory and consulting bodies on small business, and also to their role in the orientation of state policy of small business promoting to the priorities of the national economy development. On the basis of questionnaire data the paper underlines basic problems of advisory and consulting bodies' activity and the ways towards the solution of the given problems.
International research confirm popularity of digital-marketing, but Russian practices in this field is less surveyed. From empirical study of 74 companies in Volga Federal District authors conducted analysis of Russian digital-marketing practices and measured relations of goals and tools in micro-, small- and medium-sized businesses.
The study shows the insufficient use of the potential of SMEs, the small contribution of SMEs to sustainable development, the low level of methodological elaboration of transition from small to medium-sized businesses based on project management. These facts determined the range of issues considered: criteria-based apparatus for assessing the sustainability of development in SMEs; development of sustainability management through using investment-portfolio and transformational approaches. In the wake of the study, the following results were obtained. To assess stability, the traditional areas of analysis and the corresponding criteria have been singled out, namely: characterizing external factors of business processes; material, labor, financial resources. These indicators of SME’s performance should be supplemented by assessment of achievement the following objectives of sustainable development: ensuring stable employment, competitive wages, additional social benefits, social investments in the regions of presence; interaction with authorities, non-profit organizations in the spheres of recognized social significance, etc. The authors consider the development of sustainability management using portfolio and transformational approaches as a most important direction for overcoming such decision-making models. For achieving this, it is advisable: to include sustainability criteria in the development and evaluation of projects; develop regulations for assessing sustainable investments; create Sustainable Development Councils that could include representatives of the executive authorities, of the public, suppliers and customers; work out accounting and reporting rules in the field of SME’s sustainable development. Thus, sustainability can be integrated into the performance of SMEs on the strategic and operational level.
The subject of the 10th International Conference attracted attention of a large number of participants. Theorists and practitioners in state administration, experts, lecturers of Russian and foreign higher educational establishments were speaking at the plenary session and in sections with the reports on cutting edge and significant for modern society problems of state, regional and municipal administration. The participants of the sessions initiated discussions on Russian and foreign administration practice. Conference proceedings allow elaborating modern effective management technologies. Intended for researchers, lecturers, students, postgraduates, managerspractitioners as well as everyone interested in state and municipal administration problems.
In the course of research of companies’ responsible behavior, it is essential to consider an institutional environment which is largely influenced by the national culture. This paper presents an attempt to explore the responsible behavior and activities of Russian small and medium enterprises (SMEs) paying thorough attention to specific features of the national culture. Authors used the concept of G. Hofstede as a useful basis for an empirical measurement of responsible behavior. Empirical indicators and measurement scales are proposed to relate the responsible behavior of SMEs in Russia to five dimensions of culture offered by G. Hofstede. The responsible behavior of Russian SMEs was analyzed based on 61 interviews of owners and managers of Russian SMEs conducted in 2015 and 2017. It was concluded that features of SMEs’ responsible behavior almost completely meet the profile of Russian national culture defined by G. Hofstede's cross-cultural dimensions. Differences are identified in the dimensions of “power distance” and “femininity/masculinity”.