Проблема эргономического проектирования профессионального образа жизни специалистов, работающих в режиме вахтового, сезонного, полевого и сменного графика
On the basis on models of an image of the world and a functional activity substructure of an image of the world "the model of advancing perception" is offered author. On the basis on the description of professional specifics of an image of the world specifics of professional perception, allocation significant in surrounding and other aspects of perception also are described.
New scheme for psychological component of activity description as an integral description of specifi city of world image in all and life style of professional is proposed. This scheme amplifi es the existing ones and makes it possible to fi ll the description with psychological content. There are no analogous descriptions in foreign publications.
The empirical data about changing perceptions about themselves, the image of the world and way of life of survivors of extreme situations are described. Proposed based on the data recommendations for counseling are described.
Human Factors and Ergonomics have made a considerable contribution to the research, design, development, operation and analysis of transportation systems which includes road and rail vehicles and their complementary infrastructure, aviation and maritime transportation. This book presents recent advances in the Human Factors aspects of Transportation. These advances include accident analysis, automation of vehicles, comfort, distraction of drivers (understanding of distraction and how to avoid it), environmental concerns, in-vehicle systems design, intelligent transport systems, methodological developments, new systems and technology, observational and case studies, safety, situation awareness, skill development and training, warnings and workload.
In order to implement the human-centric manufacturing and sustainability concepts in industry, an important effort should be done in order to model working conditions for human operators and improve them. Several studies have been conducted for mass production assembly lines where short cycle times make the work content highly repetitive. However, the case of low-volume production with long cycle times and different impacts on human operators has been rarely considered in the literature. In this paper, we develop a model to take into account the associated ergonomic risks in assembly lines with long cycle times. An optimization method is also developed in order to schedule tasks and assign the required tasks to a set of human operators taking into account the existing ergonomic risks.
The article identifies and justifies the distinction between subjective and event-driven approach in psychology way of life of the individual. Position disclosed approaches to key issues of psychology way of life: determination and self-determination, the lifetime of the person, life development and maturity. Outlines possible prospects for cooperation and integration approaches.
Relationship holistic perception of the world and the system of activities of subject
The article discusses the history of the origin, formation and the current state of applied psychology in Russia. The authors show the relationship issues of social research and inquiries. The problems of mo$ dern applied psychology is considered by the example of one of its directions—work psychology, orga$ nizational psychology and ergonomics. Obtained typical characteristics of applied psychology, denotes its fundamental role in the development of General Psychology, the leading branches of psychology, marked its prospects.
Relevance. Scientific and scientific-organizational activity of a worldfamous psychologist A.N. Leontiev is a constant interest of specialists in the field of humanistics, methodologists and historians of psychology. In connection with the 115th anniversary of this outstanding scientist, it seems relevant to remind readers of the poorly studied aspects of his life creation.
Objective. Description of contribution А.N. Leontiev in the development of engineering-psychological, ergonomic and reflexive-acmeological problems in the 1950-1970’s.
Methods. Science-research analysis (from the positions of reflexive psychology and personology), and methodological analysis.
Results. The author analyzes such aspects of the scientific heritage of A.N. Leontiev, as his fundamental research of productive thinking and scientific creativity, as well as applied developments in the field of engineering psychology and ergonomics. The fundamental contribution of the scientist to modern human studies and to the institutional construction of psychological science is shown.
Conclusions. Scientific creativity of A.N. Leontiev in the field of psychology is interdisciplinary in nature, because it synthesizes the methodological orientations of modern humanities - natural science, technology cybernetic, social and humanitarian. The crown of the enormous scientific and organizational activity of A.N. Leontiev became a large-scale institutionalization of Russian psychology, which demanded from him not less vision and intuition, intelligence and will, diplomacy and energy than his outstanding creative activity in the field of philosophy, psychology, ergonomics and pedagogy.