The Russian Criminal Jury: Recent Developments, Practice, and Current Problems
The existence of jury trials in modern Russia is perhaps surprising for foreign observers. Sometimes seen as a withering flower in a snowy country with bears, the jury is nonetheless a real, working institution in Russia. Its legislative and practical mechanisms will be presented in this Article, which is divided into three parts: Part I will analyze the history of the Russian jury before 1917, the subsequent Soviet development of the idea of lay participation in criminal justice, and the reintroduction of the jury in 1989–2002. The current legislation, case law, and statistical data will be the subject of part II. Part III will discuss the problems and perspectives of jury trials in Russia. A short conclusion will present an assessment of the present and the future.