Работа с уголовным правом в структуре профессиональной юридической деятельности
Article contains methodological analysis of improvements of professional training specialists in criminal justice. Author proposes problem approach towards various elements of criminal law.
The paper deals with the engineering training problems in the field of information and communication technologies (ICT). It analyzes the content and relationship of ICT educational and professional standards, formulates a number of engineering education problems under a two-level system of personnel training and proposes their solutions.
The aim of this paper is to show that the Kantorovich problem, well known in models of economics and very intensively studied in probability theory in recent years, can be viewed as the basis of some constructions in the theory of belief functions. We demonstrate this by analyzing specialization relation for finitely defined belief functions and belief functions defined on reals. In addition, for such belief functions, we consider the Wasserstein metric and study its connections to disjunctions of belief functions.
The article is devoted to the trends and determinants of the transformation of Russian regions' industrial specialization during the period of economic growth. Using the methodology of statistic and econometric analysis it is tested whether the tendency of diversification dominates the tendency of regions’ industrial specialization in 1997-2004 and whether there is a convergence of Russian regions' industrial structures. The considered factors of industries' development in a particular location include the initial industrial structure, inter- and intraregional technologic links between industries, quality of investment climate, R&D potential, international competition.
The paper estimates productivity agglomeration effects for manufacturing plants located within the Russian urban agglomeration. The last was defined as a central city and other towns located within the distance of 50 km from the central city. The data employed is the survey data collected by HSE in the year of 2009. We estimated the multilevel models. The results imply that location within the urban agglomeration is always significantly and positively associated with the higher productivity of the manufacturing plants, while local economic diversification provides an explanation for the power of agglomeration forces. The city size affects positively the productivity only outside urban agglomerations, thus providing evidence that specialization and interaction of economic agents in the dense economic space allow to overcome the negative side of location in a small town.
Studies across diverse national contexts reliably show that married men earn more than unmarried men, but the mechanisms responsible for this are still disputed. This article explores the male marriage wage premium from a new perspective, using longitudinal qualitative data from Russia (N=94). Qualitative research is particularly suited to identifying underlying processes and, by analyzing men’s accounts of the influence of their marital trajectories on their work, the authors were able to reexamine existing hypotheses and develop new ones. They propose 4 mechanisms that they hypothesize can influence men’s work motivation and performance: premarital planning, 2 distinct “breadwinner” effects using expectancy and self determination theory, and monitoring by wives. They integrate these mechanisms within gender theory, arguing that the treatment aspect of the male marriage wage premium is an outcome of the “coproduction” of masculinity within marriage. Their recontextualization of existing theory also enables them to reveal weaknesses in the specialization hypothesis.
This chaper refers to the problem of low productivity and weak competitive stand of plants located in small and particulalry small specialized towns as compared to firms in bigger and more diversified locations. The findingds imply that the urban size and density of economic space, as well as its excessive sectoral specialization significantly reduce the firm competitiveness. Yet, the sectoral structure matters: textile and garmet plants in small towms are most vulnerable. Minimal diversification of economic structure and sufficient scale economy at the plant level allow to reduce the negative effects of the urban size.
The article is devoted to a particular form of freedom of assembly — the right to counter-demonstrate. The author underlines the value of this right as an element of democratic society, but also acknowledges the risk of violent actions among participants of opposing demonstrations. Due to this risk, the government may adopt adequate measures restricting the right to counter-demonstrate, certain types of which are analyzed in this paper.
Development of standards of international controllability is reviewed in the article. Institutional approach is applied to development of international legal regime of Energy Charter. Definition of controllability is connected to development of international standards of dispute settlement, which are described in the article in detail. In connection with controllability, Russian interest, defense of investment in European Union and ecological investment encouragement, is reviewed in the article.
мировое управление и управляемость, Мировая экономика, международное экономическое право, энергетическая хартия, International control and controllability, International economics, international economic law, Energy Charter
международное частное право; недвижимость; ; школа бартолистов; бартолисты; теория статутов; статуарная теория/