Роль внутриорганизационных процессов и структур в формировании неравенства людей по доходам
The work is devoted to estimates of individual returns to additional professional training (APT) on the example of a metallurgical enterprise of Sverdlovsk region of 2006–2010. We compare results of the OLS, fixed effects and difference-in-differences estimators. APTs that expand possibilities of intra firm mobility showed statistically significant influence on wages. The types of training referred by us to the rise of qualification have significantly smaller impact on earnings. The found effects are expressed at men in comparison with women more brightly.
The paper studies the sources of gender segregation on the within-firm level and its effect on gender wage gap. In compare to numerous of papers devoted to gender segregation, this research is based on unique personnel data from one of Russian industrial firm for the period from 2002 to 2006. It's shown that generation and fastening of segregated employment structures can be explained, firstly, by initial job assignments and, secondly, by gender differences in promotion paths for male and female workers. Estimations of the gender wage gap afford to conclude that it is largely driven by gender segregation between job positions and hierarchical levels rather than by worker's characteristics.