В новый век с новыми стандартами образования
The main point today is what and how to teach? Before answering the question we need to have clear definition - what do education and standards of education mean? From time to time the reforms of education are occurred, i.e. the standards of teaching are changed: something has gone out of date, something is not quite suitable, sometimes our education fails to keep pace with life. Today, economics and society are sharply developing that is why we need to use new standards and technology for teaching if we want our students will be demanded and competitive on the market.
D. Ju. Chugunov, K. B. Vasiliev, I. D. Froumin Introduction of applied bachelor programs in Russian education system: how and what for? Introduction of new technologies into production process has provoked various changes on the labor market: creation and demand increase for one professions and destruction of another jobs. Such situation issues the challenges for the education system in a whole and for professional education in particular. The paper looks how foreign countries solved problems concerning creation of applied programs of professional education, reasons the necessity for introduction of similar programs in Russian practice and analyzes possible options for its introduction.
Institutions affect investment decisions, including investments in human capital. Hence institutions are relevant for the allocation of talent. Good market-supporting institutions attract talent to productive value-creating activities, whereas poor ones raise the appeal of rent-seeking. We propose a theoretical model that predicts that more talented individuals are particularly sensitive in their career choices to the quality of institutions, and test these predictions on a sample of around 95 countries of the world. We find a strong positive association between the quality of institutions and graduation of college and university students in science, and an even stronger negative correlation with graduation in law. Our findings are robust to various specifications of empirical models, including smaller samples of former colonies and transition countries. The quality of human capital makes the distinction between educational choices under strong and weak institutions particularly sharp. We show that the allocation of talent is an important link between institutions and growth.