Тургенев как создатель европейских смыслов России
In article Ivan Sergeevicha Turgeneva's public work, as one of predecessors of the Russian liberalism as the public figure who was at the beginnings of occurrence of original currents of the Russian public thought, combining orientation to the western type of social development with penetration accessible only to the great artist into spiritual essence of Russian world is analyzed.
Peter Chaadaev is an ambivalent figure. The significance of his ideas was, in a certain extent, exaggerated and misunderstood both in a russian philosophy and social science. He has moved the discussions of the exiisting problem into the new register to the lvel of the public discussions.
The article presents a critical edition and an interpretation of the transcript of F.W.J.Schellings lectures on philosophy of mythology of 1837 by the Protestant pastor from Moscow K.A.Sederholm.
The epoch after the Decembrist uprising is notorious for the intensive search of Russia in political, economic and social spheres of life as well as in cultural and spiritual identity. In Russia many representatives of philosophical thought disputed over the question, if Russia had a propensity for East or West, otherwise it was distinctive. The problem of Russia`s identification still be urgent at the present time, and it can be examined through the different methods, including the Insitutional Matrices Theory.