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## Infinitely transitive actions on real affine suspensions

A group *G* acts infinitely transitively on a set *Y* if for every positive integer *m*, its action is *m*-transitive on *Y*. Given a real affine algebraic variety *Y* of dimension greater than or equal to 2, we show that, under a mild restriction, if the special automorphism group of *Y* (the group generated by one-parameter unipotent subgroups) is infinitely transitive on each connected component of the smooth locus *Yreg* , then for any real affine suspension *X* over *Y*, the special automorphism group of *X* is infinitely transitive on each connected component of *Xreg* . This generalizes a recent result given by Arzhantsev, Kuyumzhiyan, and Zaidenberg over the field of real numbers.

It speaks in God, in translation, in violence, apparently everywhere and in everything. There is, however, somewhere that language does not speak, or in which it speaks without speaking, but only implies - that is the realm of intimacy, where we imply that which we cannot say, but about which we also cannot remain silent. The question then becomes: Can we tolerate the suspension of language implied by intimation? And by intimacy?

We prove that any compact manifold whose fundamental group contains an abelian normal subgroup of positive rank can be represented as a leaf of a structurally stable suspended foliation on a compact manifold. In this case, the role of a transversal manifold can be played by an arbitrary manifold. We construct examples of structurally stable foliations that have a compact leaf with infinite solvable fundamental group which is not nilpotent. We also distinguish a class of structurally stable foliations each of whose leaves is compact and locally stable in sense of Ehresmann and Reeb.

We prove that any compact manifold whose fundamental group contains an abelian normal subgroup of positive rank can be represented as a leaf of a structurally stable suspended foliation on a compact manifold. In this case, the role of a transversal manifold can be played by an arbitrary manifold. We construct examples of structurally stable foliations that have a compact leaf with infinite solvable fundamental group which is not nilpotent. We also distinguish a class of structurally stable foliations each of whose leaves is compact and locally stable in sense of Ehresmann and Reeb.

Filtering the suspension in porous media is important for long-term assessment of the strength of soil in the construction of underground and hydraulic engineering structures. The geometrical and mechanical model of filtering is considered: solid particles pass freely through the larger pores, and get stuck at the entrance of tiny pores smaller than the diameter of the particles. The asymptotics of the suspended and retained particle concentrations in the suspension is constructed on the assumption of small deposit.

The flow of monodispersed suspension in porous media with geometric capture mechanism of solid particles in filter pores is considered. Based on the integral representation of the solution the asymptotic solution of deep bed filtration problem near the concentration front is constructed and proved.

A model for organizing cargo transportation between two node stations connected by a railway line which contains a certain number of intermediate stations is considered. The movement of cargo is in one direction. Such a situation may occur, for example, if one of the node stations is located in a region which produce raw material for manufacturing industry located in another region, and there is another node station. The organization of freight traﬃc is performed by means of a number of technologies. These technologies determine the rules for taking on cargo at the initial node station, the rules of interaction between neighboring stations, as well as the rule of distribution of cargo to the ﬁnal node stations. The process of cargo transportation is followed by the set rule of control. For such a model, one must determine possible modes of cargo transportation and describe their properties. This model is described by a ﬁnite-dimensional system of diﬀerential equations with nonlocal linear restrictions. The class of the solution satisfying nonlocal linear restrictions is extremely narrow. It results in the need for the “correct” extension of solutions of a system of diﬀerential equations to a class of quasi-solutions having the distinctive feature of gaps in a countable number of points. It was possible numerically using the Runge–Kutta method of the fourth order to build these quasi-solutions and determine their rate of growth. Let us note that in the technical plan the main complexity consisted in obtaining quasi-solutions satisfying the nonlocal linear restrictions. Furthermore, we investigated the dependence of quasi-solutions and, in particular, sizes of gaps (jumps) of solutions on a number of parameters of the model characterizing a rule of control, technologies for transportation of cargo and intensity of giving of cargo on a node station.

Let k be a field of characteristic zero, let G be a connected reductive algebraic group over k and let g be its Lie algebra. Let k(G), respectively, k(g), be the field of k- rational functions on G, respectively, g. The conjugation action of G on itself induces the adjoint action of G on g. We investigate the question whether or not the field extensions k(G)/k(G)^G and k(g)/k(g)^G are purely transcendental. We show that the answer is the same for k(G)/k(G)^G and k(g)/k(g)^G, and reduce the problem to the case where G is simple. For simple groups we show that the answer is positive if G is split of type A_n or C_n, and negative for groups of other types, except possibly G_2. A key ingredient in the proof of the negative result is a recent formula for the unramified Brauer group of a homogeneous space with connected stabilizers. As a byproduct of our investigation we give an affirmative answer to a question of Grothendieck about the existence of a rational section of the categorical quotient morphism for the conjugating action of G on itself.

Let G be a connected semisimple algebraic group over an algebraically closed field k. In 1965 Steinberg proved that if G is simply connected, then in G there exists a closed irreducible cross-section of the set of closures of regular conjugacy classes. We prove that in arbitrary G such a cross-section exists if and only if the universal covering isogeny Ĝ → G is bijective; this answers Grothendieck's question cited in the epigraph. In particular, for char k = 0, the converse to Steinberg's theorem holds. The existence of a cross-section in G implies, at least for char k = 0, that the algebra k[G]G of class functions on G is generated by rk G elements. We describe, for arbitrary G, a minimal generating set of k[G]G and that of the representation ring of G and answer two Grothendieck's questions on constructing generating sets of k[G]G. We prove the existence of a rational (i.e., local) section of the quotient morphism for arbitrary G and the existence of a rational cross-section in G (for char k = 0, this has been proved earlier); this answers the other question cited in the epigraph. We also prove that the existence of a rational section is equivalent to the existence of a rational W-equivariant map T- - - >G/T where T is a maximal torus of G and W the Weyl group.