The paper presents the structural model of decision-making process on the residential mortgage market. We empirically estimates key drivers of mortgage borrowing, underwriting, and default process by jointly using market-level monthly data and loan-level data from regional branch of Agency of Home Mortgage Lending (AHML). The multistep estimation procedure allows correcting for sample selection bias and endogeneity and provides consistent parameter estimates. Obtained results shows that risk preferences are changing during the time and AHML borrowers are relatively high risky.
Projects and reforms targeting infrastructure services can affect consumer welfare through changes in the price, coverage, or quality of the services provided. The benefits of improved service quality—while significant—are often overlooked because they are difficult to quantify. This article reviews methods of evaluating the welfare implications of changes in the quality of infrastructure services within the broader theoretical perspective of welfare measurement. The study outlines the theoretical assumptions and data requirements involved, illustrating each method with examples that highlight common methodological features and differences. The article also presents the theoretical underpinnings and potential applications of a new approach to analysing the effects of interruptions in the supply of infrastructure services on household welfare.
The largest Russian cities are starting to implement travel demand management instruments to reduce car use. Today the non-pricing instruments are more popular in Russian cities: low emission zones, car sharing, pedestrian areas, public transport development, bicycles infrastructure development, etc. Paid parking is the main pricing instrument of travel demand management in Russian cities. Apart from the general description of pricing methods of the transport demand management which are currently being introduced in Russian cities it is necessary to develop the understanding of the measures effectiveness. Thus the experience of the paid parking implementation (about 20 cities, including Moscow, St. Petersburg, and Yekaterinburg) requires the serious analytical approach. Both ofﬁcial reports on effectiveness by the government and independent surveys are of interest. Not only should the operational parameters be examined, but also the public opinion should be analyzed. Taking into consideration the deﬁcit of the information on the projects of paid parking implementation, the article would be interesting both for Russian and foreign specialists. The survey also deals with organizational, legal and institutional issues.
This conference proceeding includes selected full papers from the 11th EBES Conference – Ekaterinburg. We have accepted papers among resubmitted full papers after the conference ended. In this proceeding you will find a snapshot of topics that are presented in the conference. As expected, our conference has been an intellectual hub for academic discussion for our colleagues in the areas of economics, finance, and business. Participants found an excellent opportunity for presenting new research, exchanging information and discussing current issues. We believe that this conference proceeding and our future conferences will improve further the development of knowledge in our fields.
This paper models household demand for childcare and mothers' labour force participation in Romania. The model estimates the effects of the price of childcare, mothers' wages, and household characteristics on household behaviour with respect to childcare and maternal employment. We find that both the maternal decision to become employed and the decision to use out-of-home care are sensitive to the price of childcare. A decrease in the price of care can increase the number of working mothers and thus can reduce poverty in some households. We also find that the potential market wage of the mother has a significant positive effect on the decision to purchase market care and on the decision to engage in paid employment. The level of household non-wage income has little effect on maternal employment and on the demand for childcare.