Magnetic energy spectrum produced by turbulent dynamo: effect of time irreversibility
We consider the kinematic stage of evolution of magnetic field advected by turbulent hydrodynamic flow. We use a generalization of the Kazantsev–Kraichnan model to investigate time irreversible flows. In the viscous range of scales, the infinite-time limit of the spectrum is a power law, but its slope is more flat than that predicted by the Kazantsev model. This result agrees with numerical simulations. The rate of magnetic energy growth is slower than that in the time-symmetric case. We show that for high magnetic Prandtl turbulent plasma, the formation of the power-law spectrum shape takes very long time and may never happen because of the nonlinearity. We propose another ansatz to describe the spectrum shape at finite time.