Институт Уполномоченного при Президенте Российской Федерации по защите прав предпринимателей и митигирование коррупционных рисков при уголовном преследовании предпринимателей
The article discusses the problem of the limited institution of the business ombudsman in Russia for the effective minimization of corruption risks in case of unjustified criminal prosecution of entrepreneurs in the conditions of insufficient independence of the judicial system. The study assumes an analysis of the use of corruption risks, which consist in the incorrect application of Art. 159, art. 171, art. 198-199.2 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation, part 1.1 of Art. 108 of the Code of Criminal Procedure of the Russian Federation, etc. The current functions of the Commissioner under the President of the Russian Federation for the protection of the rights of entrepreneurs are considered, using which attempts to mitigate such risks are carried out. With the help of formal legal and systemic methods, the current legislation is investigated, as well as draft laws with a view to expanding the capabilities of the business ombudsman to more minimize the possibility of corruption pressure on representatives of Russian business. Based on the analysis carried out, the authors formulated recommendations for amending the Federal Law "On the Commissioners for the Protection of the Rights of Entrepreneurs in the Russian Federation", the Criminal Procedure Code of the Russian Federation and the Penal Code of the Russian Federation, it is proposed to expand the capabilities of the Commissioners to protect entrepreneurs from corrupt practices. The study takes into account the political context of the business ombudsman's activities and provides recommendations for transforming his status.