Stage Monologue and its Linguistic Features (Textual and Prosodic Analysis)
Spoken language production is considered to be one of the most difficult aspects of teaching a foreign language. It usually involves mastering pronunciation of sounds and intonation. If nowadays many teachers do not worry about the phonetic details of sounds, the focus is still made on intonation as it has a great impact on the comprehensibility of the learner’s English. This is a very important issue for future teachers because correctness of pronunciation is one of the goals of any spoken language programme, which also includes an objective for students to produce quite extended spoken monologues and follow stylistic requirements of various intonational styles. The aim of this study was to analyse stage monologue as a text which is produced on the stage in a theatre or in a film, its textual and prosodic characteristics. The methods of textual and prosodic analyses were applied to obtain information about textual features and prosodic stylistic markers such as pitch level, range, tone modifications, loudness, and tempo and also to develop style-forming factors of stage monologue. Results show that the analysed stage monologues possess all the necessary characteristics of a text: informational content, delimitation, continuum, coherence, cohesion and completeness. Further analysis of stage monologue showed that it can be characterised by such specific features as expressiveness, normativeness, effectiveness, and conversational character. Stage monologues also possess all necessary prosodic markers. Certain style-forming factors of stage monologue were also developed in this study which include delimitation, accentuation of key words, thematic centres and expressively prominent centres, type of composition scheme, and theme.
The results of this study will be of significant pedagogical value to those students who intend to become English teachers and to those teachers who are involved in research in Linguistics.