Towards the Flexible Distribution Networks Design Using the Reliability Performance Metric
At present, the entire world is moving towards digitalization, including in the electric power industry. Digitalization is in its heyday and a lot of articles and reports are devoted to this topic. At the same time, the least digitalized of the electrical networks are distribution networks that account for a very large share in electric power systems. The article proposes a methodology for creating a flexible distribution network based on the use of digital technology. Additionally, we elaborate a methodology with the identification and collection of the necessary information to create digital networks, develop ways to adapt the required equipment, and suggest methods of recognition of some short circuits. Furthermore, we address the issue of reliability of the information obtained from digital devices, develop a technique for arranging the devices to cover the entire network as required to improve the power system protection of electrical power distribution networks. The above measures make it possible to ensure the flexibility of the active distribution network, as well as to adjust the parameters of the actuation of power system protection depending on changes in external conditions and in the event of emergencies. We propose a technique for controlling the distribution network, based on the factoring-in of the type of damage during an emergency in real time, as well as a technique for arranging the measuring devices and the creation of an information and communication network. We provide recommendations for the design and operation of electric power distribution networks with digital network control technology.