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## Lower bounds for the time-bandwidth product of a single-photon pulse

Physica Scripta. 2020. Vol. 95. No. 3. Article 034012.

Averchenko V., Reiß D., Sych D., Leuchs G.

Two complementary properties, such as frequency and duration of a pulse, cannot be precisely measured simultaneously. The lower bound on the time-bandwidth product, known also as uncertainty relation, plays a very important role in quantum theory. In this work, we consider single-photon pulses with arbitrary temporal and spectral profiles, and derive a lower bound for the single-photon time-bandwidth product. We investigate how this bound depends on the modal purity, the single-mode fidelity, and the effective number of modes. Our results can be used to solve the inverse problem, namely, to estimate characteristics of the single-photon pulse based on the time-bandwidth product obtained from temporal and spectral measurements of the pulse.

Shcherbatenko M., Elezov M., Goltsman G. et al., Physical Review A: Atomic, Molecular, and Optical physics 2020 Vol. 101 No. 3 Article 032306

We experimentally demonstrate a quantum receiver based on the Kennedy scheme for discrimination between two phase-modulated weak coherent states. The receiver is assembled entirely from standard fiber-optic elements and operates at a conventional telecom wavelength of 1.55 μm. The local oscillator and the signal are transmitted through different optical fibers, and the displaced signal is ...

Added: October 8, 2021

Averchenko V., Sych D., Marquardt C. et al., Physical Review A: Atomic, Molecular, and Optical physics 2020 Vol. 101 No. 1 Article 013808

We study the generation of single-photon pulses with the tailored temporal shape via nonlocal spectral filtering. A shaped photon is heralded from a time-energy entangled photon pair upon spectral filtering and time-resolved detection of its entangled counterpart. We show that the temporal shape of the heralded photon is defined by the time-inverted impulse response of ...

Added: October 8, 2021

Smirnov K., Moshkova M., Antipov A. et al., IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity 2021 Vol. 31 No. 2 P. 1-4

In this article, present the first detailed study of cascade switching in superconducting photon number resolving detectors. The detectors were made in the form of four parallel nanowires, coupled with the single-mode optical fiber and mounted into a closed-cycle refrigerator with a temperature of 2.1 K. We found out the value of additional false pulses ...

Added: January 16, 2021

Shcherbatenko M., Elezov M., Manova N. et al., Applied Physics Letters 2021 Vol. 118 No. 18 Article 181103

High sensitivity imaging at the level of single photons is an invaluable tool in many areas, ranging from microscopy to astronomy. However, development of single-photon sensitive detectors with high spatial resolution is very non-trivial. Here we employ the single-pixel imaging approach and demonstrate a proof-of-principle single-pixel single-photon imaging setup. We overcome the problem of low ...

Added: October 8, 2021

Antipov A., Seleznev V., Vakhtomin Y. et al., IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (MSE) 2020 Vol. 781 No. 1 P. 012011-1-012011-5

Spectral characteristics of WSi and NbN superconducting single-photon detectors with different surface resistance and width of nanowire strips have been investigated in the wavelength range of 1.3-2.5 µm. WSi structures with narrower strips demonstrated better performance for detection of single photons in longer wavelength range. The difference in normalized photon count rate for such structures ...

Added: December 10, 2020

M.Yu. Kagan, JETP Letters 2016 Vol. 103 No. 11 P. 728-738

In this short review, we first discuss the results, which are mainly devoted to the generalizations of the famous Kohn–Luttinger mechanism of superconductivity in purely repulsive fermion systems at low electron densities. In the context of repulsive-U Hubbard model and Shubin–Vonsovsky model we consider briefly the superconducting phase diagrams and the symmetries of the order parameter ...

Added: November 18, 2016

Ружицкая Д. Д., САМОЙЛЕНКО А. А., Иванов А. Д. et al., Optoelectronics, Instrumentation and Data Processing 2017 Vol. 54 No. 1 P. 1-8

This paper presents an algorithm for processing the transmission spectra of whisperinggallery optical microcavities for use as a nanoparticle detector. The algorithm is based on the broadening of the microcavity resonance curve during precipitation of nanoparticles on the microcavity surface. Experimental results on the detection of particles are compared with Langmuir adsorption theory. The contribution ...

Added: May 25, 2018

Terekhovich V., Эпистемология и философия науки 2019 Т. 56 № 1 С. 169-184

The framework of simple opposition realism - anti-realism is not enough to analyze the views on the reality of unobservable objects of quantum theory. First, it is necessary to distinguish between realism in relation to the theory and realism in relation to the theory’s objects. Secondly, realism in relation to classical objects can be combined, ...

Added: February 12, 2020

Maslov V., Теоретическая и математическая физика 2019 Т. 201 № 1 С. 65-83

We study the process of a nucleon separating from an atomic nucleus from the mathematical standpoint
using experimental values of the binding energy for the nucleus of the given substance. A nucleon becomes
a boson at the instant of separating from a fermionic nucleus. We study the further transformations of
boson and fermion states of separation in a ...

Added: November 1, 2019

Orekhov M., Russian Journal of Physical Chemistry A 2021 Vol. 95 P. 2059-2064

Molecular dynamic models are created for properties of bivalent ions in organic solvents. It is shown that molecules of the considered solvents bound to ions via oxygen atoms. A theoretical model is developed that describes the ion coordination number. The coordination number in this model is determined by the ratio between the sizes of the ...

Added: October 14, 2021

Panina I., Balandin S., Tsarev A. et al., International Journal of Molecular Sciences 2023 Vol. 24 No. 2 P. 1

To date, a number of lantibiotics have been shown to use lipid II — a highly conserved peptidoglycan precursor in the cytoplasmic membrane of bacteria — as their molecular target. The α-component (Lchα) of the two-component lantibiotic lichenicidin (Lchα), previously isolated from the Bacillus licheniformis VK21 strain, seems to contain two putative lipid II binding ...

Added: February 21, 2023

Katushkina O. A., Quemerais E., Izmodenov V.V. et al., JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-SPACE PHYSICS 2017 Vol. 122 No. 11 P. 10921-10937

In this work, we present for the first time the Lyman α intensities measured by Voyager 1/UVS in 2003–2014 (at 90–130 AU from the Sun). During this period Voyager 1 measured the Lyman α emission in the outer heliosphere at an almost fixed direction close to the upwind (i.e.“ toward the interstellar flow). The data show an unexpected behavior in 2003–2009: the ...

Added: January 26, 2018

Alfimov M., Litvinov A., Journal of High Energy Physics 2022 No. 01 Article 43

We study regularization scheme dependence of beta-function for sigma models with two-dimensional target space. Working within four-loop approximation, we conjecture the scheme in which the beta-function retains only two tensor structures up to certain terms containing zeta_3. Using this scheme, we provide explicit solutions to RG flow equation corresponding to Yang-Baxter- and lambda-deformed SU(2)/U(1) sigma ...

Added: February 1, 2022

Nagaev K., Маношин А. А., Physical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics 2020 Vol. 102 Article 155411

We calculate the electrical and thermal conductivity of a two-dimensional electron gas with strong spin-orbit
coupling in which the scattering is dominated by electron-electron collisions. Despite the apparent absence of
Galilean invariance in the system, the two-particle scattering does not affect the electrical conductivity above
the band-crossing point where both helicity bands are filled. Below the band-crossing point ...

Added: October 14, 2021

Загорский Д. Л., Долуденко И. М., Каневский В. М. et al., Известия РАН. Серия физическая 2021 Т. 85 № 8 С. 1088-1094

FeCo and FeNi alloyed nanowires (NW) were obtained by the matrix synthesis method: the effect of the
growth voltage and the effect of using a reference electrode were studied. It is shown that the composition of
FeNi nanowires strongly depends on the growth potential (with its increase, the bcc structure is changing into
fcc), and it is also ...

Added: November 12, 2021

49606783, Russian Journal of Mathematical Physics 2019 Vol. 26 No. 2 P. 168-173

The parameters of unstable short-living isotopes are studied from
the mathematical point of view. The values of the chemical potential
and activity parameters that determine the neutron halo arising when
the neutron separates from the nucleus of an unstable isotope are
calculated. The analogy between nuclear physics and economics is
considered from the point of view of such parameters as ...

Added: August 25, 2019

Morozov I., Norman G. E., Insepov Z. et al., Physical Review Special Topics - Accelerators and Beams 2012 Vol. 15 P. 053501

This paper describes the surface environment of the dense plasma arcs that damage rf accelerators, tokamaks, and other high gradient structures. We simulate the dense, nonideal plasma sheath near a metallic surface using molecular dynamics (MD) to evaluate sheaths in the non-Debye region for high density, low temperature plasmas. We use direct two-component MD simulations ...

Added: October 28, 2013

K. I. Kugel, Bianconi A., Poccia N. et al., Superconductor Science and Technology 2015 Vol. 28 No. 2 P. 024005-1-024005-8

The arrested nanoscale phase separation in a two-band Hubbard model for strongly correlated charge carriers is shown to occur in a particular range in the vicinity of the topological Lifshitz transition, where the Fermi energy crosses the bottom of the narrow band and a new sheet of the Fermi surface related to the charge carriers ...

Added: March 12, 2016

Kolokolov I., Lebedev V., Sizov G. A., Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics 2011 Vol. 140 No. 2 P. 387-400

We analyze magnetic kinematic dynamo in a conducting fluid where the stationary shear flow is accompanied by relatively weak random velocity fluctuations. The diffusionless and diffusion regimes are described. The growth rates of the magnetic field moments are related to the statistical characteristics of the flow describing divergence of the Lagrangian trajectories. The magnetic field ...

Added: February 2, 2017

Aaij R., Abdelmotteleb A. S., Abellán Beteta C. et al., Physical Review Letters 2022 Vol. 129 No. 9 Article 091801

The first study of the angular distribution of μþμ− pairs produced in the forward rapidity region via the Drell-Yan reaction pp → γ=Z þ X → lþl− þ X is presented, using data collected with the LHCb detector at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 5.1 fb−1. The coefficients ...

Added: December 29, 2022

Kuzmichev S. A., Kuzmicheva T. E., Tchesnokov S. N. et al., Journal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism 2016 Vol. 29 No. 4 P. 1111-1116

We present temperature dependences of the large and the small superconducting gaps measured directly by SnS-Andreev spectroscopy in various Fe-based superconductors and MgB2. The experimental L,S(T ) are wellfitted with a two-gap model based on Moskalenko and Suhl system of equations (supplemented with a BCS integral renormalization). From the fitting procedure, we estimate the key ...

Added: March 19, 2016

M. : Faculty of Physics, MSU, 2017

The Low Temperature Physics Conference is an international event held every three years, under the auspices of the IUPAP through its Commission C5 on Low Temperature Physics. The aim of these conferences is to exchange information and views among the members of the international scientific community in the general field of Low Temperature Physics. It ...

Added: October 1, 2017

Min Namkung, Younghun K., Scientific Reports 2018 Vol. 8 No. 1 P. 16915-1-16915-18

Sequential state discrimination is a strategy for quantum state discrimination of a sender’s quantum
states when N receivers are separately located. In this report, we propose optical designs that can
perform sequential state discrimination of two coherent states. For this purpose, we consider not
only binary phase-shifting-key (BPSK) signals but also general coherent states, with arbitrary prior
probabilities. Since ...

Added: November 16, 2020

Dmitriev V. V., Kutuzov M. S., Soldatov A. A. et al., JETP Letters 2019 Vol. 110 No. 11 P. 748-749

We present results of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) experiments in superﬂuid 3He in two samples of nematic aerogel consisting of nearly parallel mullite strands. The samples were cut from the same piece of the aerogel, but one of them was squeezed by 30% in the direction transverse to the strands. In both samples the superﬂuid ...

Added: November 21, 2019