Problems of Implementation of National Projects: Breaking in the Period of the Pandemic and the Way Out of the Crisis
Purpose: The purpose of the article is to find ways out of the crisis caused by the coronavirus pandemic when implementing national projects based on a comparative analysis of measures taken in different countries. Design/Methodology/Approach: the authors of the study rely on the methods of comparative legal studies, interpretation of legal concepts and regulatory legal acts. The authors proceed from the premise that the nature of regulatory goals and problems associated with COVID-19 in different countries also implies the possibility of using solutions that are similar in their content. Findings: The authors conclude that large-scale economic and social projects are being implemented in many countries, while the success of such projects is determined not only and not so much by the amount of financing of the projected activities, but by the creation of an institutional and legal framework. The coronavirus pandemic has significantly slowed down the implementation of national projects in all countries of the world, however, the problems arisen are solved in different countries in different ways. The most common measure to support national projects is extra funding, which could be directed to participating companies or consumers of their products. However, solutions aimed at creating favorable conditions for doing business, as is done, for example, in the UK, deserve the highest praise. Practical Implications: The results could be implemented into the practice of the Russian Federation and other countries in order to resume the implementation of national projects in the context of overcoming the crisis situation caused by the spread of COVID-19. Originality/Value: The main contribution of this article is to conduct a comparative legal analysis of the regulation of national projects and measures to overcome the crisis situation, implemented in Russia, the USA, Great Britain and European countries.
The 2020 pandemic has marked a turning point in many processes: globalization, regionalization, and the struggle of nation-states for survival. Many had expected something like this, and the reaction of states and societies to the new virus was unexpectedly strong and profound. Under the slogan of combating the epidemic, many countries started doing openly what they had wanted to do for a long time: closing borders, strengthening sovereignty, bringing back production operations from abroad, and shifting relations with neighbors to a bilateral footing
The coronavirus epidemic caused not only an explosion of attention in Russian public communication, but the media discourse content also transformed radically during the first months of the 2020 epidemic: from distrust and panic to responsible balanced content. An analysis of this phenomenon allows for a deeper understanding of the evolution of the value-normative characteristics of modern society broadcast in the media. There is a trend of a transition from ill-conceived propaganda of rights to a balance of rights and responsibilities as well as an increase of attention in public discourse to free speech. In addition, there is a trend towards a transition from the dominance of post-truth to manifestations of personal freedom as responsibility. The dynamics of the coronavirus discourse not only fit into this general civilizational trend, but they provided additional impulses for the trend’s further development. Such a shift in emphasis makes it useful to appeal to the concept of parrhesia - a free and responsible "taking the floor" (“word-taking”).
The COVID-19 pandemic has not only become a test for all mankind, but also gave reason to rethink the attitude to their health not only for people from the high-risk category, but also for everyone. Before the pandemic, the concept of a healthy lifestyle was gaining a powerful economic momentum (popularization of communities associated with fitness products, advertising, healthy products, etc.). But has the trend changed after the restrictions were eased? The purpose of this paper is to find out whether the healthy lifestyle concept affected the preservation of the health of the nation during the pandemic (is there a link between the level of national health and the degree of resistance to pandemics?). The study focuses on two countries — Russia and China. The difference in the population’s perception of the healthy lifestyle concept, promotion of a healthy lifestyle at the governmental level, and the assessment of its effectiveness are determined based on the analysis of secondary statistical data, a survey of 1,230 respondents from Russia and China in late 2020 — early 2021, as well as using econometric factor analysis. The results obtained can be scaled to the rest of the BRICS countries in order to adapt existing state programs to preserving the health of nations in the future.
This book publishes research materials on the study of various spheres of social life, social phenomena and institutions for the period 2020-21.
This timely volume documents the immediate, global impacts of the coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19) on teaching and learning in higher education. Focusing on student and faculty experiences of online and distance education, the text provides reflections on novel initiatives, unexpected challenges, and lessons learned.
Responding to the urgent need to better understand online teaching and learning during the COVID-19 pandemic, this book investigates how the use of information and communication technologies (ICT) impacted students, faculty, and staff experiences during the COVID-19 lockdown. Chapters initially look at the challenges faced by universities and educators in their attempts to overcome the practical difficulties involved in developing effective online programming and pedagogy. The text then builds on these insights to highlight student experiences and consider issues of social connection and inequality. Finally, the volume looks forward to asking what lessons COVID-19 can offer for the future development of online and distance learning in higher education.
This engaging volume will benefit researchers, academics, and educators with an interest in online teaching and eLearning, curriculum design, and more, specifically those involved with the digitalization of higher education. The text will also support further discussion and reflection around pedagogical transformation, international teaching and learning, and educational policy more broadly.