Стратегии организации и поддержки масштабных вычислений в распределенных средах
This chapter describes an economic model for independent job flow management in distributed computing environments with non-dedicated resources. The model is based on the concept of fair resource distribution between users and owners of computational nodes by means of economic mechanisms in a virtual organization. Scheduling is performed in cycles in accordance with dynamically updated schedules on local processor nodes. Schedule optimization is performed using dynamic programming methods using the set of criteria in accordance with the economic policy of the virtual organization.
This work presents slot selection algorithms in economic models for independent job batch scheduling in distributed computing with non-dedicated resources. Existing approaches towards resource co-allocation and multiprocessor job scheduling in economic models of distributed computing are based on search of time-slots in resource occupancy schedules. The sought time-slots must match requirements of necessary span, computational resource properties, and cost. Usually such scheduling methods consider only suited variant of time-slot set. This work discloses a scheduling scheme that features multi-variant search. Two algorithms of linear complexity for search of alternative variants are proposed and compared. Having several optional resource configurations for each job makes an opportunity to perform an optimization of execution of the whole batch of jobs and to increase overall efficiency of scheduling.
In this work, we introduce slot selection and co-allocation algorithms for parallel jobs in distributed computing with non-dedicated and heterogeneous resources. A single slot is a time span that can be assigned to a task, which is a part of a job. The job launch requires a co-allocation of a specified number of slots starting synchronously. The challenge is that slots associated with different resources of distributed computational environments may have arbitrary start and finish points that do not match. Some existing algorithms assign a job to the first set of slots matching the resource request without any optimization (the first fit type), while other algorithms are based on an exhaustive search. In this paper, algorithms for effective slot selection of linear complexity on an available slots number are studied and compared with known approaches. The novelty of the proposed approach consists of allocating alternative sets of slots. It provides possibilities to optimize job scheduling.
In article features of management by the organizations in the IT technologies are considered. During research expediency of transition from the traditional principles of management by the organizations to the principles of management of the virtual organizations was studied, the reasons of use of virtual teams, influence of virtual approach on motivation and labor productivity, problems which the similar organizations face are established. In work solutions of problems and their influence on overall performance are considered.