Расчет ценности альтернатив для метода «идеальной точки» в многокритериальных задачах принятия решения для ситуационных центров
The basic Smart-education elements are considered in the article: the university facilities; the information sources types; the way of the educational process organization; the number of educational group; the technology of an information presentation; the technology of the organization of current and total knowledge control; the knowledge presentation speed according to a particular student; the sequence and the number of the simultaneous studied objects; the students preferences. The questions of the trajectory choice in the of Smart-education environment are discussed. The authors give the approximate content of a possible education trajectory. The article offers the technique of the education trajectory choice based on the decision-making support methods. The specified technique allows using both expert’s knowledge and experience in various fields of the organization and ensuring educational process, and the requirements of students. The article considers both group and individual decision-making methods. The authors prove the method choice for the task solution. The article shows an example of the minimum distance method application for the expert’s opinions coordination while choosing the alternative educational trajectories. The example of the hierarchy analysis method application while choosing one of the alternative educational trajectories recommended by experts is shown. The offered technique allows to automate the process of the most rational education trajectory choice and to reduce decision-making time and costs.
The paper proposes a generic methodology for the selection of a specialized CAD-based application of methods for decision support, in particular the method of analytic hierarchy process and the method of preference functions. Bothe methods take into account the opinion of decision-makers (project Manager, engineer and designer). The proposed method makes it possible to automate the process of selecting a CAD on the websites of the distributors from the point of view of the given criteria and restrictions due to the introduction of scales of criteria for the evaluation of CAD. It allows to use the experience knowledge of experts in a particular field and to reduce the time for decision-making if necessary. The choice of specialized computer-aided design are considered on the example of choice of printed circuit boards (PCB design) CAD for industrial enterprises and companies engaged in the development of electronic computing from available alternatives offered on the websites of the vendors, and distributors.
In this paper we examine the maintenance decision support in classification of the dangerous situations discovered by the monitoring system. This task is reduced to the contextual multi-armed bandit problem. We highlight small sample size problem appeared in this task due to the rather rare failures. The novel algorithm based on the nearest neighbor search is proposed. An experimental study is provided for several synthetic datasets with the situations described by either simple features or grayscale images. It is shown, that our algorithm outperforms the well-known contextual multi-armed methods with the Upper Confidence Bound and softmax random search strategies.
The paper provides a number of proposed draft operational guidelines for technology measurement and includes a number of tentative technology definitions to be used for statistical purposes, principles for identification and classification of potentially growing technology areas, suggestions on the survey strategies and indicators. These are the key components of an internationally harmonized framework for collecting and interpreting technology data that would need to be further developed through a broader consultation process. A summary of definitions of technology already available in OECD manuals and the stocktaking results are provided in the Annex section.