Универсальный характер дисперсионного транспорта в молекулярно-допированных полимерах
The time-of-flight technique is used to measure hole mobility in molecularly doped polycarbonate and polystyrene that contain both polar and weakly polar additives. The two versions of the technique with the bulk and surface generation of charge carriers under small-signal conditions are employed. Numerical calculations show that the time dependence of the transient-current curves obtained with the first version of the technique is in agreement with the theory of multiple trapping for an exponential energy distribution of traps. In the case of time-of-flight curves with surface generation, the run of the post-transit branch is likewise consistent with the theory, whereas this consistency is often violated for the pretransit branch of the curves. This result is due to the effect of the defective surface layer of a polymer, which is not taken into account in numerical calculations. The results show that the hole transport in the studied molecularly doped polymers is dispersive. An increase in the polarity of the polymer matrix and the dopant drastically decreases the hole mobility and, at the same time, increases its field and temperature dependence.