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Regular version of the site

Article

Evolution of localized magnetic field perturbations and the nature of turbulent dynamo

Physics of Fluids. 2021. Vol. 33. No. 7. P. 075105-1-075105-10.
Ilyin A., Kopyev A. V., Sirota V., Zybin K.

Kinematic dynamo in incompressible isotropic turbulent flows with high magnetic Prandtl number is considered. The approach interpreting an arbitrary magnetic field distribution as a superposition of localized perturbations (blobs) is developed. We derive a general relation between stochastic properties of an isolated blob and a stochastically homogenous distribution of magnetic field advected by the same stochastic flow. This relation allows us to investigate the evolution of a localized blob at a late stage when its size exceeds the viscous scale. It is shown that in three-dimensional flows, the average magnetic field of the blob increases exponentially in the inertial range of turbulence, as opposed to the late-batchelor stage when it decreases. Our approach reveals the mechanism of dynamo generation in the inertial range both for blobs and homogenous contributions. It explains the absence of dynamo in the two-dimensional case and its efficiency in three dimensions. We propose a way to observe the mechanism in numerical simulations