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Regular version of the site

Article

Electronic phase separation: recent progress in the old problem

Physics Reports. 2021. Vol. 916. No. 1. P. 1-105.
Kagan M.Yu., Kugel K.I., Rakhmanov A.

We consider the nanoscale electronic phase separation in a wide class of different materials,  mostly in strongly correlated electron systems. The phase separation turns out to be quite ubiquitous manifesting itself in different situations, where the itineracy of charge carriers competes with their tendency toward localization. The latter is often related to some specific type of magnetic ordering, e.g. antiferromagnetic in manganites and low-spin states in cobaltites. The interplay between the localization induced lowering of potential energy and metallicity (which provides the gain in the kinetic energy) favors an inhomogeneous ground state such as nanoscale ferromagnetic
droplets in an antiferromagnetic insulating background. The present review article deals with the advances in the subject of electronic phase separation and formation of different types of nanoscale ferromagnetic (FM) metallic droplets (FM polarons or ferrons) in antiferromagnetically ordered (AFM), charge-ordered (CO), or orbitally-ordered (OO) insulating matrices, as well as the colossal magnetoresistance (CMR) effect and tunneling electron transport in the nonmetallic phase-separated state of complex magnetic oxides. It also touches upon the compounds with spin-state transitions, inhomogeneous phase separated state in strongly correlated multiband systems, and electron polaron effect.  A special, attention is paid to the systems with the imperfect Fermi surface nesting such
as chromium alloys, iron-based pnictides, and AA stacked graphene bilayers.